Category Archives: Paintings

William Marshall Brown, the Atmospheric Figurative Artist


Myself . 

By T.V. Antony Raj


The Bait Gatherers - painting by William Marshall Brown, Leamington Spa Art Gallery & Museum, Warwickshire, England
The Bait Gatherers – painting by William Marshall Brown, Leamington Spa Art Gallery & Museum, Warwickshire, England


William Marshall Brown, a distinguished Scottish artist was born on January 3, 1863 in Edinburgh.

While working as a wood engraver and book illustrator, Marshall Brown studied art at the Edinburgh College of Art and at the Royal Scottish Academy Life School.

Though he painted landscapes and portraits, he is best known for his atmospheric figurative work with a background of landscapes or seascapes.

In 1888, Marshall Brown received the Chalmers Bursary and Stewart Prize.

The Royal Scottish Academy (RSA) is a Scottish organisation that promotes contemporary Scottish art. In 1909, Marshall Brown became an Associate of the Royal Scottish Academy (ARSA). In 1928, he became a member of the Academy (RSA). In 1929 became a Member of the Royal Scottish Watercolour Society.

Marshall Brown worked mostly in Scotland and lived for some time in Edinburgh and at Cockburnspath in Berwickshire. Though not a native of East Lothian like many other artists, he too captivated by the coast, the landscape and its inhabitants spent many years working in the county. Many of his paintings such as the farm workers, fisher girls, etc., were characteristic of his times. And, the East Lothian connection can often be seen in the details like the bonnets, creels, and baskets.

A Breton Washing Pool - painting by William Marshall Brown, Royal Scottish Academy of Art & Architecture
A Breton Washing Pool – painting by William Marshall Brown, Royal Scottish Academy of Art & Architecture

Like many of his Scottish contemporaries, Marshall Brown made frequent trips to Holland and Brittany in France. In “A Breton Washing Pool,” Marshal Brown has captured a group of Breton women working on the shoreline, possibly near the town of Concarneau.

Sardine Fishers, Concarneau, France - painting by William Marshall Brown, City of Edinburgh Council.
Sardine Fishers, Concarneau, France – painting by William Marshall Brown, City of Edinburgh Council.

He created his work “Sardine Fishers” in Concarneau, France.

Marshall Brown’s work is held in many museums, including the City of Edinburgh Collection, Berwick Museum & Art Gallery, Leamington Spa Art Gallery & Museum in Warwickshire, Dundee Art Galleries and Museums Collections, Hunterian Art Gallery, Paisley Museum and Art Galleries, Royal Scottish Academy of Art & Architecture, etc.

William Marshall Brown died on April 26, 1936.

 Here are some works of William Marshall Brown:

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Bangkok Temples, Petals and Patterns

Enchanting photographs reflecting the holy lustre of the Buddha’s abode.

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With its tourism campaign spiel ‘Amazing Thailand’, Bangkok alone draws eight million tourists a year.

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The Navels of Adam and Eve


Myself . By T.V. Antony Raj

First of all let me tell you that I am not a connoisseur of art nor do I pretend to be one. Do you seen anything wrong in this drawing of Adam and Eve?

Adam and Eve - 01b - Lucas Cranach the Elder (465x679)

A few days ago I saw this same drawing posted in Facebook with annotations. I thank the person who posted this picture for opening my eyes to the world of art.

Adam and Eve - 00

I couldn’t but exclaim “The artist was a dumb idiot.”

But the artist who drew the above picture was an educated person named Lucas Cranach the Elder.

Lucas Cranach the Elder was a German Renaissance painter and graphic artist who excelled in portraits and in female nudes. He was the foremost member of the family of artists by that name active in Saxony during the 16th century.

From about 1501 to 1504 Cranach lived in Vienna, and his earliest known works date from this period. They include a portrait of a humanist, Doctor Reuss (Germanisches Museum, Nuremberg) and a Crucifixion (1503, Alte Pinakothek, Munich).

In 1505 Cranach became court painter to the electors of Saxony at Wittenberg, a position he held until 1550. He was a prominent citizen in Wittenberg, received a title, and became mayor in 1537. In 1508 he visited the Netherlands, where he painted portraits of such royalty as Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and the young prince who succeeded him as Charles V. For his electoral patrons he painted biblical and mythological scenes with decorative sensual nudes that were new to German painting. These works include many versions of Adam and Eve, The Judgment of Paris (1528, Metropolitan Museum, New York), and Venus and Cupid.

Cranach was a friend of Martin Luther, and his art expresses much of the spirit and feeling of the German Reformation. Cranach ran a large workshop and worked with great speed, producing hundreds of works. He died in Weimar, on October 15, 1553. Cranach’s sons were both artists, but the only one to achieve distinction was Lucas Cranach the Younger, who was his father’s pupil and often his assistant. His oldest son Hans Cranach was a promising artist but died prematurely.

Here are some of his paintings of Adam and Eve by Lucas Cranach the Elder.

Adam and Eve - 01b - Lucas Cranach the ElderAdam and Eve - 16 - Lucas Cranach the ElderAdam and Eve - 19 - Lucas Cranach the Elder

Adam and Eve - 17 - Lucas Cranach the ElderAdam and Eve - 05Adam and Eve - 18 - Lucas Cranach the Elder

Other artists who spent time drawing the navels

Out of curiosity I searched Google for images of ‘Adam and Eve’ by other artists and I was shocked to find that almost all the painters of the renaissance period including Michelangelo drew gracefully and spent time in drawing meticulously the navels of Adam and Eve.

To prove my point I downloaded many pictures and have posted some of them here. Like most of you I am just a layman who admires the beautiful forms drawn by them.

The Expulsion - Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Simone alias  Masaccio - c 1425

The fresco painting “The Expulsion” by the Italian Renaissance artist Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Simone alias Masaccio – c. 1425. Three centuries after the fresco was painted, Cosimo III de’ Medici, in line with contemporary ideas of decorum, ordered that fig leaves be added to conceal the genitals of the figures. These were eventually removed in the 1980s when the painting was fully restored and cleaned.

Adam and Eve - 12 - Hugo van der Goes c.1470

The Fall of Adam and Eve by the Flemish painter Hugo van der Goes c.1470.

Adam and Eve - 03

Adam and Eve by the German painter Albrecht Dürer – 1504

Adam and Eve - 20 - Albrecht Dürer - 1507

Adam and Eve by the German painter Albrecht Dürer – 1507

Adam and Eve - 04

Adam and Eve by the Flemish painter Jan (Mabuse) Gossaert c 1525.

Creation of Adam

The Creation of Adam by the Michelangelo c. 1542-45.

Adam and Eve in the Garden by Michelangelo

The Fall of Man by Michelangelo c. 1542-45.

Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni[1] (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564), commonly known as Michelangelo was an Italian Renaissance sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art. Despite making few forays beyond the arts, his versatility in the disciplines he took up was of such a high order that he is often considered a contender for the title of the archetypal Renaissance man, along with fellow Italian Leonardo da Vinci.

Michelangelo was considered the greatest living artist in his lifetime, and ever since then he has been held to be one of the greatest artists of all time. A number of his works in painting, sculpture, and architecture rank among the most famous in existence. His output in every field during his long life was prodigious; when the sheer volume of correspondence, sketches, and reminiscences that survive is also taken into account, he is the best-documented artist of the 16th century. Two of his best-known works, the Pietà and David, were sculpted before he turned thirty. Despite his low opinion of painting, Michelangelo also created two of the most influential works in fresco in the history of Western art: the scenes from Genesis on the ceiling and The Last Judgment on the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel in Rome. As an architect, Michelangelo pioneered the Mannerist style at the Laurentian Library. At 74 he succeeded Antonio da Sangallo the Younger as the architect of St. Peter’s Basilica. Michelangelo transformed the plan, the western end being finished to Michelangelo’s design, the dome being completed after his death with some modification.

Adam and Eve - 21- Frans Floris De Vriendt - c 1547

Adam and Eve by the Flemish painter Frans Floris De Vriendt c. 1547.

Adam and Eve - 06

Adam and Eve, c. 1550. I was not able to get the name of the painter who drew this beautiful painting.

Adam and Eve - 14 - Hendrik Goltzius

Adam and Eve by the Dutch printmaker, draftsman, and painter Hendrik Goltzius c. 1600.

Adam and Eve - 07 - Cornelis Cornelisz Van Haarlem c 1622

Adam and Eve by by the Dutch Golden Age painter and draftsman Cornelis Corneliszoon van Haarlem c. 1622.

Adam and Eve by Domenichino 1623

Adam and Eve by the Italian Baroque painter of the Bolognese School, or Carracci School, of painters Domenico Zampieri (or Domenichino) c. 1623-25.

Adam and Eve - 09

The Expulsion Of Adam And Eve From The Garden Of Paradise by the French painter Alexandre Cabanel (1823-1889]

Adam and Eve - 22 - Hans Thoma (October 2, 1839 – November 7, 1924)

Adam and Eve by the German painter Hans Thoma (October 2, 1839 – November 7, 1924) .

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