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Cricket: Pepsi IPL (IPL 2013; IPL 6) Tournament Schedule


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Myself By T.V. Antony Raj

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Cricket: Pepsi IPL (IPL 2013; IPL 6) Tournament Schedule

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Pepsi IPL Logo
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Last season (Season 5) nine teams participated in this popular Cricket carnival. This season too, the number of teams participating remains the same; however, on September 14, 2012, at an emergency Governing Council meeting of the Indian Premier League, the BCCI terminated its contract with the cash-strapped Deccan Chargers and floated tenders for a new IPL franchise. Sun TV Network purchased the team by placing a bid substantially higher than that of PVP Ventures, and changed the name of the team to SunRisers Hyderabad.
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Match #1
Wed April 3: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Kolkata Knight Riders vs Delhi Daredevils
Venue: Venue: Eden Gardens, Kolkata
Result: Kolkata Knight Riders beat Delhi Daredevils by 6 wickets

Match #2
Thu April 4: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Mumbai Indians
Venue: M.Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore
Result: Royal Challengers Bangalore beat Mumbai Indians by 2 runs

Match #3
Fri April 5: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Pune Warriors
Venue: Rajiv Gandhi Int. Stadium, Hyderabad
Result: Sunrisers Hyderabad beat Pune Warriors India by 22 runs

Match #4
Sat April 6: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Delhi Daredevils vs Rajasthan Royals
Venue: Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi
Result: Rajasthan Royals beat Delhi Daredevils by 5 runs

Match #5
Sat April 6: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Chennai Super Kings vs Mumbai Indians
Venue: MA Chidambaram Stadium – Chepauk, Chennai
Result: Mumbai Indians beat Chennai Super Kings by 9 runs

Match #6
Sun April 7: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Pune Warriors vs Kings XI Punjab
Venue: Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium, Pune
Result: Kings XI Punjab beat Pune Warriors India by 8 wickets

Match #7
Sun April 7: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
Venue: Rajiv Gandhi Int. Stadium, Hyderabad
Result: Royal Challengers Bangalore tied with Sunrisers Hyderabad. Sunrisers Hyderabad wins Super Over.

Match #8
Mon April 8: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Rajasthan Royals vs Kolkata Knight Riders
Venue: Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur
Result: Rajasthan Royals beat Kolkata Knight Riders by 19 runs

Match #9
Tue April 9: 16:00 local | 104:30 GMT
Teams: Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
Venue: M.Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore
Result: Royal Challengers Bangalore beat Sunrisers Hyderabad by 7 wickets

Match #10
Tue April 9: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Mumbai Indians vs Delhi Daredevils
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
Result: Mumbai Indians beat Delhi Daredevils by 44 runs

Match #11
Wed April 10: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Kings XI Punjab vs Chennai Super Kings
Venue: Punjab C.A. Stadium, Mohali
Result: Chennai Super Kings beat Kings XI Punjab by 10 wickets

Match #12
Thu April 11: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Kolkata Knight Riders
Venue: M.Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore
Result: Royal Challengers Bangalore beat Kolkata Knight Riders by 8 wickets

Match #13
Thu April 11: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Pune Warriors vs Rajasthan Royals
Venue: Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium, Pune
Result: Pune Warriors India beat Rajasthan Royals by 7 wickets

Match #14
Fri April 12: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Delhi Daredevils vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
Venue: Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi
Result: Sunrisers Hyderabad beat Delhi Daredevils by 3 wickets

Match #15
Sat April 13: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Mumbai Indians vs Pune Warriors
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
Result: Mumbai Indians beat Pune Warriors India by 41 runs

Match #16
Sat April 13: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Chennai Super Kings vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
Venue: MA Chidambaram Stadium – Chepauk, Chennai
Result: Chennai Super Kings beat Royal Challengers Bangalore by 4 wickets

Match #17
Sun April 14: 16:00 local | 10:30
Teams: Kolkata Knight Riders vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
Venue: Eden Gardens, Kolkata
Result: Kolkata Knight Riders beat Sunrisers Hyderabad by 48 runs

Match #18
Sun April 14: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Rajasthan Royals vs Kings XI Punjab
Venue: Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur
Result: Rajasthan Royals beat Kings XI Punjab by 6 wickets

Match #19
Mon April 15: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Chennai Super Kings vs Pune Warriors
Venue: MA Chidambaram Stadium – Chepauk, Chennai
Result: Pune Warriors India beat Chennai Super Kings by 24 runs

Match #20
Tue April 16: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Kings XI Punjab vs Kolkata Knight Riders
Venue: Punjab C.A. Stadium, Mohali
Result: Kings XI Punjab beat Kolkata Knight Riders by 4 runs

Match #21
Tue April 16: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Delhi Daredevils
Venue: M.Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore
Result: Delhi Daredevils tied with Royal Challengers Bangalore (RCB win Super Over)

Match #22
Wed April 17: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Pune Warriors vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
Venue: Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium, Pune
Result: Sunrisers Hyderabad beat Pune Warriors India by 11 runs

Match #23
Wed April 17: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Rajasthan Royals vs Mumbai Indians
Venue: Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur
Result: Rajasthan Royals beat Mumbai Indians by 87 runs

Match #24
Thu April 18: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Delhi Daredevils vs Chennai Super Kings
Venue: Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi
Result: Chennai Super Kings beat Delhi Daredevils by 86 runs

Match #25
Fri April 19: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Kings XI Punjab
Venue: Rajiv Gandhi Int. Stadium, Hyderabad
Result: Chennai Super Kings beat Delhi Daredevils by 86 runs

Match #26
Sat April 20: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Kolkata Knight Riders vs Chennai Super Kings
Venue: Eden Gardens, Kolkata
Result: Chennai Super Kings beat Kolkata Knight Riders by 4 wickets

Match #27
Sat April 20: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Rajasthan Royals
Venue: M.Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore
Result: Royal Challengers Bangalore beat Rajasthan Royals by 7 wickets

Match #28
Sun April 21: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Delhi Daredevils vs Mumbai Indians
Venue: Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi
Result: Delhi Daredevils beat Mumbai Indians by 9 wickets

Match #29
Sun April 21: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Kings XI Punjab vs Pune Warriors
Venue: Punjab C.A. Stadium, Mohali
Result: Kings XI Punjab beat Pune Warriors India by 7 wickets

Match #30
Mon April 22: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Chennai Super Kings vs Rajasthan Royals
Venue: MA Chidambaram Stadium – Chepauk, Chennai
Result: Chennai Super Kings beat Rajasthan Royals by 5 wickets

Match #31
Tue April 23: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Pune Warriors
Venue: M.Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore
Result: Royal Challengers Bangalore beat Pune Warriors India by 130 runs

Match #32
Tue April 23: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Kings XI Punjab vs Delhi Daredevils
Venue: Punjab C.A. Stadium, Mohali
Result: Kings XI Punjab beat Delhi Daredevils by 5 wickets

Match #33
Wed April 24: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Kolkata Knight Riders vs Mumbai Indians
Venue: Eden Gardens, Kolkata
Result: Mumbai Indians beat Kolkata Knight Riders by 5 wickets

Match #34
Thu April 25: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Chennai Super Kings vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
Venue: MA Chidambaram Stadium – Chepauk, Chennai
Result: Chennai Super Kings beat Sunrisers Hyderabad by 5 wickets

Match #35
Fri April 26: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Kolkata Knight Riders vs Kings XI Punjab
Venue: Eden Gardens, Kolkata
Result: Kolkata Knight Riders beat Kings XI Punjab by 6 wickets

Match #36
Sat April 27: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Rajasthan Royals vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
Venue: Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur
Result: Rajasthan Royals beat Sunrisers Hyderabad by 8 wickets

Match #37
Sat April 27: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Mumbai Indians vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
Result: Mumbai Indians beat Royal Challengers Bangalore by 58 runs

Match #38
Sun April 28: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Chennai Super Kings vs Kolkata Knight Riders
Venue: MA Chidambaram Stadium – Chepauk, Chennai
Result: Chennai Super Kings beat Kolkata Knight Riders by 14 runs

Match #39
Sun April 28: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Delhi Daredevils vs Pune Warriors
Venue: Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi
Result: Delhi Daredevils beat Pune Warriors India by 15 runs

Match #40
Mon April 29: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Rajasthan Royals vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
Venue: Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur
Result: Rajasthan Royals beat Royal Challengers Bangalore by 4 wickets

Match #41
Mon April 29: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Mumbai Indians vs Kings XI Punjab
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
Result: Mumbai Indians beat Kings XI Punjab by 4 runs

Match #42
Tue April 30: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Pune Warriors vs Chennai Super Kings
Venue: Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium, Pune
Result: Chennai Super Kings beat Pune Warriors India by 37 runs

Match #43
Wed May 1: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Mumbai Indians
Venue: Rajiv Gandhi Int. Stadium, Hyderabad
Result: Sunrisers Hyderabad beat Mumbai Indians by 7 wickets

Match #44
Wed May 1: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Delhi Daredevils vs Kolkata Knight Riders
Venue: Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi
Result: Delhi Daredevils beat Kolkata Knight Riders by 7 wickets

Match #45
Thu May 2: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Chennai Super Kings vs Kings XI Punjab
Venue: MA Chidambaram Stadium – Chepauk, Chennai
Result: Chennai Super Kings beat Kings XI Punjab by 15 runs

Match #46
Thu May 2: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Pune Warriors vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
Venue: Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium, Pune
Result: Royal Challengers Bangalore beat Pune Warriors India by 17 runs

Match #47
Fri May 3: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Kolkata Knight Riders vs Rajasthan Royals
Venue: Eden Gardens, Kolkata
Result: Kolkata Knight Riders beat Rajasthan Royals by 8 wickets

Match #48
Sat May 4: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Delhi Daredevils
Venue: Rajiv Gandhi Int. Stadium, Hyderabad
Result: Sunrisers Hyderabad beat Delhi Daredevils by 6 wickets

Match #49
Sun May 5: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Mumbai Indians vs Chennai Super Kings
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
Result: Mumbai Indians beat Chennai Super Kings by 60 runs

Match #50
Sun May 5: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Rajasthan Royals vs Pune Warriors
Venue: Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur
Result: Rajasthan Royals beat Pune Warriors India by 5 wickets

Match #51
Mon May 6: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Kings XI Punjab Vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
Venue: Punjab Cricket Association Stadium, Mohali
Result: Kings XI Punjab beat Royal Challengers Bangalore by 6 wickets

Match #52
Tue May 7: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Rajasthan Royals vs Delhi Daredevils
Venue: Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur
Result: Rajasthan Royals beat Delhi Daredevils by 9 wickets

Match #53
Tue May 7: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Mumbai Indians vs Kolkata Knight Riders
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
Result: Mumbai Indians beat Kolkata Knight Riders by 65 runs

Match #54
Wed May 8: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Chennai Super Kings
Venue: Rajiv Gandhi Int. Stadium, Hyderabad
Result: Chennai Super Kings beat Sunrisers Hyderabad by 77 runs

Match #55
Thu May 9: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Kings XI Punjab vs Rajasthan Royals
Venue: Punjab C.A. Stadium, Mohali
Result: Rajasthan Royals beat Kings XI Punjab by 8 wickets

Match #56
Thu May 9: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Pune Warriors vs Kolkata Knight Riders
Venue: Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium, Pune
Result: Kolkata Knight Riders beat Pune Warriors India by 46 runs

Match #57
Fri May 10: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Delhi Daredevils vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
Venue: Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi
Result: Royal Challengers Bangalore beat Delhi Daredevils by 4 runs

Match #58
Sat May 11: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Pune Warriors vs Mumbai Indians
Venue: Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium, Pune
Result: Mumbai Indians beat Pune Warriors India by 5 wickets

Match #59
Sat May 11: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Kings XI Punjab vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
Venue: Punjab C.A. Stadium, Mohali
Result: Sunrisers Hyderabad beat Kings XI Punjab by 30 runs

Match #60
Sun May 12: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Kolkata Knight Riders vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
JSCA International Cricket Stadium, Ranchi
Result: Kolkata Knight Riders beat Royal Challengers Bangalore by 5 wickets

Match #61
Sun May 12: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Rajasthan Royals vs Chennai Super Kings
Venue: Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur
Result: Rajasthan Royals beat Chennai Super Kings by 5 wickets

Match #62
Mon May 13: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Mumbai Indians Vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
Result: Mumbai Indians beat Sunrisers Hyderabad by 7 wickets

Match #63
Mon May 14: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Kings XI Punjab
Venue: M Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore
Result: Kings XI Punjab beat Royal Challengers Bangalore by 7 wickets

Match #64
Tue May 14: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Chennai Super Kings Vs Delhi Daredevils
Venue: MA Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai
Result: Chennai Super Kings beat Delhi Daredevils by 33 runs

Match #65
Tue May 15: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Kolkata Knight Riders vs Pune Warriors
JSCA International Cricket Stadium, Ranchi
Result: Pune Warriors India beat Kolkata Knight Riders by 7 runs

Match #66
Wed May 15: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Mumbai Indians vs Rajasthan Royals
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
Result: Mumbai Indians beat Rajasthan Royals by 14 runs

Match #67
Thu May 16: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Kings XI Punjab vs Delhi Daredevils
Venue: HPCA Stadium, Dharmasala
Result: Kings XI Punjab beat Delhi Daredevils by 7 runs

Match #68
Fri May 17 : 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Rajasthan Royals
Venue: Rajiv Gandhi Int. Stadium, Hyderabad
Result: Sunrisers Hyderabad beat Rajasthan Royals by 23 runs

Match #69
Sat May 18: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Kings XI Punjab vs Mumbai Indians
Venue: HPCA Stadium, Dharmasala
Result: Kings XI Punjab beat Mumbai Indians by 50 runs

Match #70
Sat May 18: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Teams: Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Chennai Super Kings
Venue: M.Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore
Result: Royal Challengers Bangalore beat Chennai Super Kings by 24 runs

Match #71
Sat May 19: 16:00 local | 10:30 GMT
Teams: Pune Warriors vs Delhi Daredevils
Venue: Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium, Pune
Result: Pune Warriors India beat Delhi Daredevils by 38 runs

Match #72
Sun May 19: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT7
Teams: Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Kolkata Knight Riders
Venue: Rajiv Gandhi Int. Stadium, Hyderabad
Result: Sunrisers Hyderabad beat Kolkata Knight Riders by 5 wickets

IPL Standing 2013

SN TEAMS MATCHES WON LOST TIE NR PTS NET R.R
1 Chennai Super Kings 16 11 5 0 0 22 +0.530
2 Mumbai Indians 16 11 5 0 0 22 +0.441
3 Rajasthan Royals 16 10 6 0 0 20 +0.322
4 Sunrisers Hyderabad 16 10 6 0 0 20 +0.003
5 Royal Challengers Bangalore 16 9 7 0 0 18 +0.457
6 Kings XI Punjab 16 8 8 0 0 16 +0.226
7 Kolkata Knight Riders 16 6 10 0 0 12 -0.095
8 Pune Warriors India 16 4 12 0 0 8 -1.006
9 Delhi Daredevils 16 3 13 0 0 6 -0.848

Match #73
Tue May 21: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Qualifier 1 – Chennai Super Kings vs Mumbai Indians
(1st Placed Team vs 2nd Placed Team)
Venue: Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi
Result: Chennai Super Kings beat Mumbai Indians by 48 runs

Match #74
Wed May 22: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Eliminator – Rajasthan Royals vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
(3rd Placed Team vs 4th Placed Team)

Venue: Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi
Result: Rajasthan Royals beat Sunrisers Hyderabad by 4 wickets

Match #75
Fri May 24: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Qualifier 2 – Rajasthan Royals vs Mumbai Indians
(Winner of Eliminator vs Loser of Qualifier 1)

Venue: Eden Gardens, Kolkata
Result: Mumbai Indians beat Rajasthan Royals by 4 wickets

Match #76
Sun May 26: 20:00 local | 14:30 GMT
Final – Chennai Super Kings vs Mumbai Indians
(Winner of Q1 vs Winner of Q2)

Venue: Eden Gardens, Kolkata
Result: Mumbai Indians beat Chennai Super Kings by 23 runs

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From Pepsico to Wal-mart: Selling a Fake Dream


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In the mid-1980s, Pepsico came up with a proposal to bring in a 2nd horticultural revolution in Punjab. It was hailed as a path-breaking initiative that would put an end to the continuing distress on the farm. It was expected to usher in the latest technology, improve farm research and extension, create supply-chain infrastructure, and provide marketing linkages from farm to the fork. I remember the kind of excitement that prevailed all around. Politicians, bureaucrats, economists, agricultural scientists and even the Bhartiya Kisan Union (BKU) joined the chorus. All my efforts to reason out the hollowness of the claims, based on Pepsico’s own studies, were simply lost in the din and noise created by the drum-beaters.

Some 15 years after the project was approved, Pepsico’s horticultural revolution is all but forgotten. Agriculture has gone from bad to worse.  The food bowl of the country has also become a major hot spot for farmer suicides. While the soft drink giant remains busy marketing its colas, Pepsico has not been held accountable for its failed promises. It will never be punished for selling a fake dream to the beleaguered farming community.

It is now the turn of Wal-Mart and other big retail giants. FDI in retail is once again being projected as a panacea for all the ills plaguing Indian agriculture. FDI in retail will lay out backend infrastructure, bring in a chain of cold storages and improved transportation thereby reducing crop losses; remove middlemen which rob the farmers of profits, and thereby provide him higher prices; bring in improved technology to help in crop diversification; and of course create millions of jobs. The cheerleaders are once again on the road. This time, it is the corporate controlled electronic media that is drumming up the hype.

Having spent Rs 52-crore in two years for lobbying alone, and after the recent New York Times exposure showing how Wal-Mart bribed its way to control 50 per cent of the retail market in Mexico, the Union Cabinet finally allowed big retail to set shop. If Wal-mart could bribe its way in Mexico, what makes us think they have not been able to do so in India?

We are being told that Wal-Mart, Tesco, Sainsbury, Carrefour and a host of other big retail players are expected to increase farm income. In the US, where Wal-Mart has completed 50 years, if farmers were getting a better income, there was no reason why the farming population should plummet to less than one per cent of the population. Farmers in US survive on the farm not because of Wal-Mart but the massive subsidy support, which includes direct farm income. Between 1997 and 2008, Rs 12.60 lakh crore was provided as income support to farmers. A UNCTAD-India study shows that if these subsidies, classified as Green Box in WTO parlance, are removed, the American agriculture collapses.

In Europe, despite the dominance of big retail, every minute one farmer quits agriculture. Europe provides the highest amount of subsidies, including direct income support. But because 74 percent of these subsidies are cornered by Corporations and big farmers, small farmers are quitting farming. In France, farm income has come down by 39 per cent in 2009, down from 22 per cent in 2008. In OECD, the richest trading block comprising 30 countries, Rs 14 lakh crore was the farm subsidy support in 2009 alone. It is not big retail, but direct income support that keeps farmers in agriculture.

These subsidies also bring down the domestic and international prices as a result of which big retail sells cheap. Empirical studies show big retail charging 20-30 per cent higher than open market in Latin America and Southeast Asia. In India, organised domestic retail has not been able to sell cheaper. A NABARD study for Hyderabad shows Reliance Fresh and other charging 15-20 per cent higher prices. Even at the peak of inflation in India, these domestic organised retailers did not reduce prices. So where is the advantage to consumers?

Studies show in America, before 1950, when farmers would sell their produce for one dollar, 70 cents was his income. In 2005, it had fallen to 4 per cent. With the middlemen wiped out, I thought the farmer’s income should have gone up. No, it is the new battery of middlemen – quality controller, standardiser, certification agency, processor et c—who walk away with farmer’s profits. Number of middlemen, operating under the same hub, actually increases. Let us not forget, Wal-mart is a big middleman, it eats away the smaller middlemen.

There is no evidence that big retail creates backend infrastructure. In US and Europe, rural infrastructure has been created through government support which came in the form of agricultural subsidies. To say that 40 per cent agricultural food that goes waste in India will be drastically reduced is also an illusion. In US also, 40 percent food is wasted and much of it is after processing where Wal-Mart’s should have played a much important role.

Regarding employment generation and poverty alleviation, lessons need to be drawn from a 2004 study of Pennsylvania State University by Stephen  Goetz and Hema Swaminathan, which showed how higher poverty prevailed in areas where Wal-Mart stores had come up compared to those states where big retail was absent. In any case, for a $450 billion turnover, Wal-Mart employs only 2.1 million people. Whereas for an estimated $460 billion market, Indian retail employs 44 million people. Let us not forget, Pepsico had also promised to create 50,000 jobs. As per a question in Parliament, it became known that Pepsico had created less than 500 jobs, including 250 unskilled workers. Moreover, last month, massive demonstrations rocked US by Wal-Mart workers complaining of poor working conditions and exploitative salaries. Who creates employment, and also provides better working conditions, therefore is all evident.

Yes, there is a need to improve rural infrastructure, provide a sophisticated supply chain, and provide better income to farmers. The milkman of India, late Dr Verghese Kurien, had shown us the way. The cooperative dairy structure, which led to the evolution of the Amul brand, is the right approach. If he could do it for milk, which is a highly perishable commodity, there is no reason why it can’t be replicated in fruits, vegetables and other agricultural commodities. From a milk importer, India has now become the world’s biggest producer of milk. It is therefore obvious that solutions to the plethora of problems on Indian farms does not lie in the west, but in our own backyard. We need to look inwards. Otherwise we will go on committing the same mistakes, and in the process turn farms into killing fields.

Posted in Ground Reality

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