Tag Archives: Pacific Ocean

Are There Snakes in Hawaii?


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Myself . 

By T.V. Antony Raj

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Studies show that an invertebrate successfully colonized Hawaii once in every 70,000 years, a plant once in every 100,000 years, and a bird once in every million years.

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The Hawaiian Hotspots. (Image from Tasa Graphics)
The Hawaiian Hotspots. (Image from Tasa Graphics)

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Officially and technically, Hawaii doesn’t have any snakes.

Why?

All Hawaiian Islands are volcanic in origin. Over the past 44 million years, the islands rose up from the ocean floor due to erupting volcanoes. Even today, the youngest island, Hawaii, is still growing from under.

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Hawaii map - Distance from other countries (Source: Padi.com)
Hawaii map – Distance from other countries (Source: Padi.com)

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Hawaii is the most isolated archipelago in the world. The nearest continent, North America, is over 2500 miles (4000 km) away.

The extreme isolation of the Hawaiian archipelago makes it difficult for plants and animals to colonize its islands. The only way for wildlife species to reach the Hawaiian Islands from the rest of the world is to fly or swim across the Pacific Ocean. Chances of surviving the long journey over Pacific by air or sea is virtually small. It would indeed be a miracle to establish a reproducing population on these islands. Since there are no natural predators and diseases in Hawaii, many native plants and animals needed only a few natural defenses to evolve. Studies show that an invertebrate successfully colonized Hawaii once in every 70,000 years, a plant once in every 100,000 years, and a bird once in every million years. This is why it took over millions of years for a very distinct flora and fauna to evolve in Hawaii.

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Map of the Pacific Culture Areas (Author : Kahuroa)
Map of the Pacific Culture Areas (Author : Kahuroa)

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Before humans set foot in the Hawaiian paradise, there were no large animals to eat plants. Harm to the flora and fauna on the islands began about 1500 years ago when settlers started arriving from Polynesia. Mammals such as pigs, dogs, goats and plants brought by them literally devastated many native ecosystems.

It is illegal to own snakes or transport snakes of any kind to the Hawaiian islands. Anyone possessing a pet snake has to face jail up to 3 years and $200,000 in fines. In Hawaii there no natural predators for snakes and large lizards, therefore, if allowed, could pose a threat to Hawaii’s ecosystem by competing with native animals for food and habitat. Some snake species prey on birds and their eggs, and hence could pose a threat to endangered native birds.

Blind Snakes

Hawaii doesn’t officially have snakes. However, there is one snake that does live in Hawaii, the Blind Snake (Ramphotyphlops hatmaliyeb) likely an import from the Caroline Islands in Micronesia, an area north of the equator and far west of Hawaii.

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Addison Wynn, a herpetologist at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History who studies the blind snakes on the Caroline Islands says:

They eat termites and small ants, and there are about 240 or so known species in the world. They spend their lives burrowing so their head is blunt and pointed to push their way through the soil. Their rudimentary eyes can only differentiate between light and dark and exist as pigment spots underneath scales on their head.

These new species extend the known range of blind snakes some 2,000 kilometers out into the Pacific Ocean, into areas where we didn’t know they occurred or could ever occur. We just didn’t expect to find blind snakes out there (Caroline Islands) in the middle of the ocean.

Some other studies that the blind snakes found in Hawaii could have come there from far off the Philippines, about 5300 miles (8530 km) away.

So, other than the blind snakes, it is widely assumed that there are no snakes in Hawaii. Sadly, this is not true. According to a few reports, people have seen some snakes in Hawaii.

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Ornate Tree Snake

The Ornate Tree Snake captured at Hickam Hickam Air Force Base. (Photo by Dr. Allen Allison, Bishop Museum
The Ornate Tree Snake captured at Hickam Hickam Air Force Base. (Photo by Dr. Allen Allison, Bishop Museum)

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On May 23, 2013, military personnel at the Hickam Air Force Base captured a foot-long mildly venomous Ornate Tree Snake (Chrysopelea ornate) in a maintenance bay near the airfield.

Since the Ornate Tree Snakes are able to spring from tree to tree, they are also known as ornate flying tree snakes. These snakes are native to South East Asia and related to the brown tree snakes which have devastated the ecosystem in Guam by virtually wiping out the native forest birds. Their diet consists of lizards, mice, bats and birds.

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Boa Constrictor 

This was a snake found ran over on the mainland. (Photo: National Parks Service)
This was the five-foot long boa constrictor found run over on Pali Highway (Photo: National Parks Service)

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On September 22, 2013, a motorist ran over a five-foot long Boa Constrictor on the Pali Highway. Several inspectors of Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA) went directly to the area where the snake was found. However, they did not find evidence of any other snakes. Russell S. Kokubun, chairperson of the Hawaii Board of Agriculture said:

Any snake found in the wild in Hawaii is of serious concern. Boa constrictors may grow up to 12 feet, which is particularly troubling for nearby residents and for the environment.”

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Rainbow Boa Constrictor 

A non-venomous rainbow boa constrictor
A non-venomous rainbow boa constrictor

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At about 7 am on November 5, 2013, Victor Palmeri, found a live two-and-a-half foot long non-venomous Rainbow Boa Constrictor on the Nuuanu Avenue sidewalk fronting the Kukui Plaza condominium. Native to Central and South America, rainbow boas can grow up to six feet long. Rainbow boas are known for their attractive iridescent sheen on their scales in the sunlight. Their diet consists of rodents, lizards, aquatic animals, and birds.

It is not known at this time how these snakes found their way to Hawaii.

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The “Ring of Fire”


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Myself By T.V. Antony Raj
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Ring of fire

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About 90% of the world’s earthquakes and 81% of the largest earthquakes occur in the basin of the Pacific Ocean in a 40,000 kilometres (25,000 miles) horseshoe shape known as the Pacific Ring of Fire. This arc also known as “Ring of Fire” or as the circum-Pacific belt or the circum-Pacific seismic belt with a continuous series of oceanic trenches, volcanic arcs, and volcanic belts and/or plate movements. stretches from New Zealand, along the eastern edge of Asia, north across the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, and south along the coast of North and South America has 452 volcanoes, and over 75% of the world’s active and dormant volcanoes.

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Earthquakes Trigger More Earthquakes: Imminent Magnitude 9 Earthquake?


November 8, 2012, Submitted by: Ken (AdminModern Survival Blog)

eminent-magnitude-9-earthquake
Earthquakes trigger more earthquakes

UPDATE: Magnitude 6.3 NOV-8 Earthquake At Cascadia Raises More Concern
Scroll down for more…
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At the Seismology Lab at the University of Washington, there is concern that the 7.7 magnitude earthquake that occurred on the British Columbia coast over the weekend could affect the Pacific Northwest including Washington, Oregon, and northern California.
“We need to watch the whole region with extra care,” said a seismologist there.

The magnitude 7.7 was a big earthquake, considered one of the most significant along the northwest coast in 60 years.

Reported by NWCN.com in Seattle, scientists also looked to see if the quake affected volcanoes in Washington, and will remain on alert for at least several more weeks. So far, everything is quiet…

The problem is that the West Coast, from Alaska to northern California, is under tremendous geologic pressure as it’s forced up against the basin that forms the Pacific Ocean.

Release the pressure in a major way along one fault, and it can then add to the pressure on another fault. More than 100 aftershocks were recorded following the 7.7, including one of them more than 100 miles south of the quake’s epicenter, thought to be on the Cascadia Subduction zone.

The subduction zone threatens a much larger quake…
a magnitude 9…
from the northern tip of Vancouver Island to Cape Mendicino California.

Such an earthquake would be devastatingly catastrophic, particularly to Seattle, Portland, and all of the cities and towns that run up and down the west coast, even through mid California.

I’m posting this as an alert that something ‘could’ happen as a result of this recent aftershock earthquake, which is well south of the main quake on the Cascadia Subduction zone… this looks potentially ominous.

If you live in or near those regions, examine your existing supplies, food, water, bug-out capabilities. Make a plan. Be ready. Just in case…

UPDATE: It is now being reported that the centuries old and famous “Haida Gwaii” Hot Springs in the region of the 7.7 earthquake… HAS DRIED UP AND GONE COLD.

A Parks Canada inspection party set out to investigate and stepped ashore to find that the island’s three main hot spring pools, which once bubbled with water as warm as 77 Celsius, were bone dry. “Not even a small puddle,” Surrounding rocks, once warm to the touch, were cold.

source: ‘It’s just dried up’: B.C. earthquake pulls plug on centuries-old Haida Gwaii hot springs

(This is obviously IMO related to the recent B.C. earthquake, and further indicates the great unseen changes that have taken place as a result.)

NOV-8, 6.3 Quake at Cascadia Subduction Zone Raises More Concern

Since the large magnitude 7.7 earthquake of OCT-28, not only have hundreds of aftershocks occurred in the immediate vicinity, but other curious earthquakes have been triggered further south, within the Cascadia subduction zone. On NOV-8 an especially large earthquake shook that region, further indicating that stresses have transferred into that region. Why is this significant? Because the Cascadia fault is EXTREMELY DANGEROUS for the entire Pacific Northwest.

The Cascadia subduction zone (Cascadia fault) is a type of tectonic plate boundary that stretches from northern Vancouver Island to northern California. It is a very long sloping fault that separates the ‘Juan de Fuca’ and North America plates.

The ocean floor is sinking below the continental plate offshore of Washington and Oregon. The North American Plate is moving southwest, riding over the top of the oceanic plate. The Cascadia Subduction Zone is where the two plates meet. Unlike other faults that slide alongside each other, this one is particularly dangerous because one plate rides over the top of another.

To make matters worse, the Cascadia fault intersects and transitions with other faults at its north and south boundaries, including the infamous San Andreas fault which runs down the length of California. Studies of past earthquakes on both the northern San Andreas Fault and the southern Cascadia subduction zone indicate that quakes on the Cascadia subduction zone may have triggered most of the major quakes on the northern San Andreas during at least the past 3,000 years, with the exception being the great 1906 San Francisco earthquake.

The next rupture of the Cascadia Subduction Zone is anticipated to be capable of causing a magnitude 9+ earthquake and widespread destruction throughout the Pacific Northwest. And in fact, evidence suggests that a major Cascadia earthquake will likely rupture the San Andreas fault as it splits down into California, the combined effects of which would be more than devastating.

Geologists and civil engineers have broadly determined that the Pacific Northwest region is not well prepared for such a colossal earthquake. The tsunami produced may reach heights of approximately 100 ft. The earthquake is expected to be similar to the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, as the rupture is expected to be as long as the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami.
Left: Cascadia Subduction Zone
Right: Earthquakes since the OCT-28 quake (until this update)
Note the significant recent quakes south of the initial quake (the top cluster)
recent-cascadia-fault-zone-earthquakes

UPDATE NOV-10, Aftershocks creeping towards Cascadia fault and Vancouver Island…
This could all be inconsequential, while I’m simply pointing out observations.

earthquakes-creeping-towards-vancouver-island

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Link: Video which shows the dangers of volcanoes in the Cascades…

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