Ramadan (Arabic: رمضان Ramaḍān), the ninth month of the Islāmic calendar, is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
Though not mentioned in the Quran, but summarized in the famous hadith of Gabriel are the Five Pillars of Islam (arkān-al-Islām أركان الإسلام; also arkān ad-dīn أركان الدين “pillars of the religion”) which are the foundation of Muslim life – five basic acts in Islam, considered obligatory by believers. They are:
- Shahadah (belief or confession of faith – Muslim life)
- Salat (worship in the form of prayer)
- Sawm Ramadan (self purification by fasting during the month of Ramadan)
- Zakat (alms or charitable giving or concern for the needy)
- Hajj (the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime)
Annually, Muslims, worldwide, observe self-purification by fasting during the month of Ramadan which lasts 29–30 days based on the visual sightings of the crescent moon.
The word Ramadan derived from the Arabic root ramiḍa or ar-ramaḍ, means “scorching heat” or “dryness.” It is “obligatory” for adult Muslims to fast, except those who are ill, diabetic, traveling, pregnant, breastfeeding, or during menstrual bleeding.
The Quran states:
The month of Ramadan is that in which the Quran was revealed, a guidance to men and clear proofs of the guidance and the distinction; therefore whoever of you is present in the month, he shall fast therein, and whoever is sick or upon a journey, then (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days; Allah desires ease for you, and He does not desire for you difficulty, and (He desires) that you should complete the number and that you should exalt the greatness of Allah for His having guided you and that you may give thanks. [Quran 2:185]
Bowling Green is a small public park in Lower Manhattan at the foot of Broadway next to the site of the original Dutch fort of New Amsterdam. Built in 1733, originally including a bowling green, it is the oldest public park in New York City surrounded by its original 18th-century fence.
At its northern end is the sculpture of the Charging Bull, which is also known as the Wall Street Bull and the Bowling Green Bull.
Last year, while my wife and I were in New York, we saw a faithful Muslim in the Bowling Green at 1:23 pm. We were spellbound by his faith in God and his steadfast adherence to his religious duties, unmindful of the blaring noise surrounding him, perseveringly reciting the Dhuhr (Noon) prayer.
- Ramadan (en.wikipedia.org)
- Five Pillars of Islam (en.wikipedia.org)
- Why Fast During Ramadan (whatisramadan.wordpress.com)
- What is Sawm? (islamicknowledge4u.wordpress.com)
- Photography-Eid Mubarak Special (allresourceupdates.wordpress.com)
- Eid ul-Fitr – Muslim Festival (raxacollective.wordpress.com)