The island paradise, Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකාව, śrī laṃkāva, Tamil: இலங்கை, ilaṅkai) is the pearl of the Indian Ocean and nature’s treasure chest. It is an island country in the northern Indian Ocean off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia.
Sri Lanka, formerly known as Ceylon until 1972, has maritime borders with India to the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest. It is the home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world.
Though Sri Lanka has a documented history that spans over 3,000 years there are evidences that show the island had pre-historic human settlements dating back to at least 125,000 years.
Sri Lanka due to its geographic location and endowed with natural harbours has been the cynosure of strategic importance from the time of the ancient Silk Road through to World War II.
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