Death of Adolf Hitler – Part 5: Hitler’s Marriage and Last Testaments


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Myself . By T.V. Antony Raj

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Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler

In the evening of April 28, 1945, General Wenck reported to Keitel that his Twelfth Army had been forced back along the entire front and it was no longer possible for his army to relieve Berlin. Keitel gave Wenck permission to break off the attempt to relieve Berlin.

Adolf Hitler began preparing for his own death, with the imminent advancing of the Soviets deep in Berlin, compounded by the disloyalty and betrayal by Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring and Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler.

Sunday, April 29, 1945

The region surrounding the bunker was bombarded constantly by British and American air raids that included parachuted mines. On Sunday, April 29, 1945, there was a direct bomb hit on the Führerbunker and the electrical wiring and water pipes were rummaged.

For days there had been rumours of the impending marriage of Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun.

Just before midnight Hitler married Eva Braun in a brief civil ceremony in the map-room. It took place against a backdrop of exploding shells.

Nevertheless, there was a festive mood as Hitler and Eva stood before a table flanked by Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels and Hitler’s private secretary Martin Bormann as witnesses. Walther Wagner, a minor official of the Propaganda Ministry officiated at the marriage. In keeping with the Nazi requirements, the official asked both Hitler and Eva Braun whether they were of pure Aryan blood and whether they were free from hereditary illnesses.  (See Appendix C to view the marriage certificate.)

A scene from the movie 'Der Untergang' - Adolf Hitler (played by Bruno Ganz) and his newly married wife Eva Braun say good-bye in the FührerBunker. (Source - meaus.com)
A scene from the movie ‘Der Untergang’ – Adolf Hitler (played by Bruno Ganz) and his newly married wife Eva Braun say good-bye in the FührerBunker. (Source – meaus.com)

The marriage ceremony was followed by a celebration in the conference room. Champagne was brought out. Heinz Lorenz, Adolf Hitler’s Deputy Chief Press Secretary said:

There was champagne but Hitler didn’t drink any. He was concerned about getting his last will and testament down.

Those left in the bunker listened to Hitler reminisce about better days gone by. He admitted that the war was lost. Hitler concluded, however, that death would be a release for him after the recent betrayal by his oldest friends and supporters – Hermann Göring and Heinrich Himmler, and confided that he would rather shoot himself than fall alive into the hands of the Russians or the other victorious powers.

Hitler shook hands with all, saying a few words of encouragement and thanks to each.

Gerda Christian - one of Hitler's private secretaries
Gerda Christian – one of Hitler’s private secretaries.

According to Gerda “Dara” Christian, one of Hitler’s private secretaries, Eva showed her the wedding ring on her finger. Hitler talked mostly of the past and of happier times and admitted that the war was lost and said that he would rather shoot himself than fall alive into the hands of the Russians or the other victorious powers. Gerda said she left the room, unable to bear the atmosphere of gloom and despondency.

Hitler confided to Gertraud Junge that the wedding had been an emotional experience for him. He told her that suicide would be the only means to end his many worries.

 Hitler’s Last Testaments

After the wedding ceremony, while the Red Army closed on the Reichstag building, Hitler retired to a room with Traudl Junge, his youngest private secretary, and dictated in a hurry, his last Testaments: a Private Testament – a will (see Appendix A), and a Political Testament (see Appendix B).

After the war, Traudl Junge said:

“When I came to type his final testament in the bunker … I thought he would justify his actions and explain why Germany is in this position. That he had a way out from our terrible tragedy. But he repeated only the old slogans which he had used in his speeches.”

In his Private Testament, Hitler stated specifically who was to be the executor of his will, what he wanted done with his body after he died, and the names of people to receive his worldly possessions.

Hitler named no successor as Führer or leader of the Nazi Party. Instead, he appointed Joseph Goebbels as Reich Chancellor; Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz, who was at Flensburg near the Danish border at that time, as Reich President; and Martin Bormann, Hitler’s long-time chief of staff, as Party Minister.

In his Political Testament, he typically blamed the Jews for everything, including the Second World War and expressed many of the same sentiments he had proffered back in 1923-24 in his book Mein Kampf. He also made a reference to his 1939 threat against the Jews along with a subtle reference to the subsequent gas chambers.

It is untrue that I or anyone else in Germany wanted war in 1939. It was wanted and provoked solely by international statesmen either of Jewish origin or working for Jewish interests. I have made too many offers for the limitation and control of armaments, which posterity will not be cowardly enough always to disregard, for responsibility for the outbreak of this war to be placed on me. Nor have I ever wished that, after the appalling First World War, there would ever be a second against either England or America. Centuries will go by, but from the ruins of our towns and monuments the hatred of those ultimately responsible will always grow anew against the people whom we have to thank for all this: international Jewry and its henchmen.

Only three days before the outbreak of the German-Polish war I proposed a solution of the German-Polish problem to the British Ambassador in Berlin – international control as in the case of the Saar. This offer, too, cannot be lied away. It was only rejected because the ruling clique in England wanted war, partly for commercial reasons and partly because it was influenced by the propaganda put out by international Jewry.

I have left no one in doubt that if the people of Europe are once more treated as mere blocks of shares in the hands of these international money and finance conspirators, then the sole responsibility for the massacre must be borne by the true culprits: the Jews. Nor have I left anyone in doubt that this time millions of European children of Aryan descent will starve to death, millions of men will die in battle, and hundreds of thousands of women and children will be burned or bombed to death in our cities without the true culprits being held to account, albeit more humanely.

Hitler accused Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring and Reichsführer-SS and Interior Minister Heinrich Himmler, of betraying him and bringing “irreparable shame on the whole nation” by negotiating with the Allies. He expelled Hermann Göring from the party and sacked him from all of his state offices. He also canceled the 1941 decree naming Göring as his successor in the event of his death. To replace him, Hitler named Großadmiral Karl Dönitz as president of the Reich and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. Joseph Goebbels was appointed as chancellor.

Heinrich Himmler was also expelled from the party and sacked from all of his state offices for attempting to negotiate peace with the western Allies without his knowledge and against his permission.

Hitler signed his Testaments at 4:00 am, witnessed by Martin Bormann, Dr. Joseph Goebbels, General Wilhelm Burgdorf, and General Hans Krebs. One source says that though the adjutant to Adolf Hitler, Nicolaus von Below’s name had been included, he was an “unofficial” witness and did not sign the document.

Hitler then retired to bed.

The three messengers

To ensure the presence of these two documents for posterity, three messengers were assigned to take them with an attendant document, an explanatory note by Goebbels, out of the besieged Reichskanzlei-Führerbunker.

The three messengers were: Heinz Lorenz, Adolf Hitler’s Deputy Chief Press Secretary; SS-Standartenführer Wilhelm Zander, Bormann’s adjutant; and Major Willy Johannmeyer, the last adjutant to Adolf Hitler.

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Previous – Part 4: The Doubts About Loyalty to the Führer

Next → Part 6: Preamble to Suicide

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Death of Adolf Hitler – Appendix C: Marriage Certificate of Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun


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Myself . By T.V. Antony Raj

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Source: eisenhower.archives.gov

Marriage certificate of Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun - page 1 (Source: Eisenhower. archives. Gov)
Marriage certificate of Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun – page 1 (Source: Eisenhower. archives. Gov)
Marriage certificate of Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun - page 2 ( (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Marriage certificate of Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun – page 2 ( (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)

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The Mayor
of the Capital of the Reich

Before Walter Wagner, City Councillor, as the appointed Registrar of the Capital of the Reich appeared, for the purpose of joining in marriage.

1. Adolf Hitler
Born 20 April 1889 at Braunau
Residence: Berlin, Reich Chancellory
Father:
Mother:
Marriage of the parents
Identified by: Personally known

2. Miss Eva Braun
Born on the 6th of February 1910 in Munich, Wasserburgerst No. 8
Residence: MUnich Wasserburgerst No. 12
Father: Friedrich Braun
Mother: Franciska Braun, Nee Dronburger
Marriage of the parents
Identified by: Special identity card dated 4 April 39 issued by the Chief of the German Police.

3.
Witness: Reich-Minister, Dr. Goebbels, Joseph
Born 26 October 1897 Rheydt
Residence: Berlin, Hermann Goeringst 20
Identified by: Personally known

4.
Witness: Reichs Leiter Martin Bormann
Born 17 June 1900 it Halberstadt
Residence: Obersalzberg
Identified by: Personally known

The persons mentioned under 1 and 2 state that they are of pure Aryan descent and that they are not infected with inheritable diseases which would exclude them from marriage. Considering the war situation and the special circumstances they apply for marriage under special war time laws. They also ask to accept an oral publication of the bans and to disregard all legal delays.

The application is accepted. The oral publication of the bars is checked. The findings are in order.

I come now to the ceremonial act of marriage.

In the presence of the witnesses mentioned under 3 and 4  I ask you,

My Fuehrer Adolf Hitler

Are you willing to take the

Miss Eva Braun

As yoor wife.

If you are, answer “I Do”

Now I ask you

Miss Eva Braun

Are you willing to take

Our Fuehrer Adolf Hitler

As your husband

If you are, answer “I Do”

Since both newlyweds have stated their intentions, I declare this marriage as legal before the law.

Berlin, 29 April 945

Read and Signed:

1.) Husband:                                                                                            (Signed) Adolf Hitler

2.) Wife:                                                                                                   Eva Hitler nee Braun

3.) Witness 1:                                                                                          Joseph Goebbels

4.) Witness 2:                                                                                          M. Bormann

5.) (Signed) Wagner
As Registrar

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Death of Adolf Hitler – Appendix B: Adolf Hitler’s Last Political Testament


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Myself . By T.V. Antony Raj

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Source: eisenhower.archives.gov

FIRST PART OF THE POLITICAL TESTAMENT

Hitler's Political Statement - Page 1 ((Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler’s Political Statement – Page 1 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)

Hitler's Political Statement - Page 2 ((Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler’s Political Statement – Page 2 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler's Political Statement - Page 3 ((Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler’s Political Statement – Page 3 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler's Political Statement - Page 4 ((Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler’s Political Statement – Page 4 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler's Political Statement - Page 5 ((Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler’s Political Statement – Page 5 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler's Political Statement - Page 6 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler’s Political Statement – Page 6 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)

My Political Testament

More than thirty years have passed since 1914 when I made my modest contribution as a volunteer in the First World War, which was forced upon the Reich.

In these three decades love and loyalty to my people have guided all my thoughts, actions and my life. They gave me the strength to make the most difficult decisions ever to confront mortal man. In these three decades I have spent my strength and my health.

It is untrue that I or anyone else in Germany wanted war in 1939. It was wanted and provoked solely by international statesmen either of Jewish origin or working for Jewish interests. I have made too many offers for the limitation and control of armaments, which posterity will not be cowardly enough always to disregard, for responsibility for the outbreak of this war to be placed on me. Nor have I ever wished that, after the appalling First World War, there would ever be a second against either England or America. Centuries will go by, but from the ruins of our towns and monuments the hatred of those ultimately responsible will always grow anew against the people whom we have to thank for all this: international Jewry and its henchmen.

Only three days before the outbreak of the German-Polish war I proposed a solution of the German-Polish problem to the British Ambassador in Berlin – international control as in the case of the Saar. This offer, too, cannot be lied away. It was only rejected because the ruling clique in England wanted war, partly for commercial reasons and partly because it was influenced by the propaganda put out by international Jewry.

I have left no one in doubt that if the people of Europe are once more treated as mere blocks of shares in the hands of these international money and finance conspirators, then the sole responsibility for the massacre must be borne by the true culprits: the Jews. Nor have I left anyone in doubt that this time millions of European children of Aryan descent will starve to death, millions of men will die in battle, and hundreds of thousands of women and children will be burned or bombed to death in our cities without the true culprits being held to account, albeit more humanely.

After six years of war which, despite all setbacks, will one day go down in history as the most glorious and heroic manifestation of the struggle for existence of a nation, I cannot abandon the city which is the capital of this Reich. Since our forces are too meager to withstand the enemy’s attack and since our resistance is being debased by creatures who are as blind as they are lacking in character, I wish to share my fate with that which millions of others have also taken upon themselves by remaining in this city. Further, I shall not fall into the hands of the enemy who requires a new spectacle, presented by the Jews, for the diversion of the hysterical masses.

I have therefore decided to stay in Berlin and there to choose death voluntarily when I determine that the position of the Fuhrer and the Chancellery itself can no longer be maintained. I die with a joyful heart in the knowledge of the immeasurable deeds and achievements of our peasants and workers and of a contribution unique in the history of our youth which bears my name.

That I am deeply grateful to them all is as self-evident as is my wish that they do not abandon the struggle but that, no matter where, they continue to fight the enemies of the Fatherland, faithful to the ideals of the great Clausewitz. Through the sacrifices of our soldiers and my own fellowship with them unto death, a seed has been sown in German history that will one day grow to usher in the glorious rebirth of the National Socialist movement in a truly united nation.

Many of our bravest men and women have sworn to bind their lives to mine to the end. I have begged, and finally ordered, them not to do so but to play their part in the further struggle of the nation. I ask the leaders of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force to strengthen the National Socialist spirit of resistance of our soldiers by all possible means, with special emphasis on the fact that I myself, as the founder and creator of this movement, prefer death to cowardly resignation or even to capitulation.

May it become a point of honor of future German army officers, as it is already in our Navy, that the surrender of a district or town is out of the question and that, above everything else, the commanders must set a shining example of faithful devotion to duty unto death.

SECOND PART OF THE POLITICAL TESTAMENT

Hitler's Political Statement - Page 7 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler’s Political Statement – Page 7 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler's Political Statement - Page 8 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler’s Political Statement – Page 8 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler's Political Statement - Page 9 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler’s Political Statement – Page 9 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler's Political Statement - Page 10 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Hitler’s Political Statement – Page 10 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)

Before my death, I expel former Reichs-Marshal Hermann Goring from the party and withdraw from him all the rights that were conferred upon him by the decree of 29 June, 1941 and by my Reichstag statement of 1 September, 1939. In his place I appoint Admiral Donitz as President of the Reich and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces.

Before my death, I expel the former Reichsfuhrer of the S.S. and the Minister of the Interior Heinrich Himmler from the party and from all his state officers. In his place I appoint Gauleiter Karl Hanke as Reichsfuhrer of the S.S. and Head of the German Police, and Gauleiter Paul Giesler as Minister of the Interior.

Apart altogether from their disloyalty to me, Goring and Himmler have brought irreparable shame on the whole nation by secretly negotiating with my enemy without my knowledge and against my will, and also by attempting illegally to seize control of the State.

In order to provide the German people with a government of honorable men who will fulfill the task of continuing the war will all the means at their disposal, I, as Fuhrer of the nation, appoint the following members of the new cabinet:

President of the Reich: Donitz
Chancellor of the Reich: Dr Goebbels
Party Minister: Bormann
Foreign Minister: Seyss-Inquart
Minister of the Interior: Gauleiter Giesler
Minister of War: Donitz
Supreme Commander of the Army: Schorner
Supreme Commander of the Navy: Donitz
Supreme Commander of the Air Force: Greim
Reichsfuhrer of the S.S. and Head of the German Police: Gauleiter Hanke
Trade: Funk
Agriculture: Backe
Justice: Thierack
Culture: Dr Scheel
Propaganda: Dr Naumann
Finance: Schwerin-Crossigk
Labor: Dr Hupfauer
Munitions: Saur
Leader of the German Labor Front and Minister without Portfolio: Dr Ley.

Although a number of these men, including Martin Bormann, Dr Goebbels and others together with their wives have joined me of their own free will, not wishing to leave the capital under any circumstances and prepared to die with me, I implore them to grant my request that they place the welfare of the nation above their own feelings. By their work and loyal companionship they will remain as close to me after my death as I hope my spirit will continue to dwell among them and accompany them always. Let them be severe but never unjust and let them never, above all, allow fear to preside over their actions, placing the honor of the nation above everything that exists on earth. May they, finally, always remember that our task, the consolidation of a National Socialist state, represents the work of centuries to come, so that every individual must subordinate his own interest to the common good. I ask of all Germans, of all National Socialists, men and women and all soldiers of the Wehrmacht, that they remain faithful and obedient unto death to the new government and its President.

Above all, I enjoin the government and the people to uphold the race laws to the limit and to resist mercilessly the poisoner of all nations, international Jewry.

Berlin, 29 April, 1945, 4 a.m.

(Signed) A. Hitler

Witnesses:
Dr Joseph Goebbels
Martin Bormann
Wilhelm Burgdorf
Hans Krebs

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Death of Adolf Hitler – Appendix A: Adolf Hitler’s Private Testament


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Myself . By T.V. Antony Raj

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Source: eisenhower.archives.gov

Martin Bormann's note
Martin Bormann’s note

The Secretary of the Führer, Reichsleiter Martin Bormann
Führer Headquarters
Postal address Munich 33, Führerbau.

29.4.45

Dear Grandadmiral!

Since all our Divisions failed to appear our situation seems to be beyond hope.

The Fuhrer dictated last night the attached political statement.

Hail Hitler!
Yours
(Signed) Bormann

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Mein privates Testament - Page 1  (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Mein privates Testament – Page 1 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Mein privates Testament - Page 2 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Mein privates Testament – Page 2 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Mein privates Testament - Page 2 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)
Mein privates Testament – Page 3 (Source: eisenhower.archives.gov)

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My Private Testament

Since I did not think I should take the responsibility of entering into marriage during the years of combat, I have decided now before termination of life on this earth, to marry the woman who, after many years of true friendship, entered voluntarily into this already almost besieged City, to share my fate. She goes to death with me as my wife, according to her own desire. Death will replace for us that of which my work in the service of my people robbed us.

What I own belongs – as far as it is of any value at all – to the party. Should the party no longer exist it will belong to the state. Should the state also be destroyed, any further decision from me is to longer necessary.

The paintings in the collections which I have bought during the years have never been acquired for private purposes, but always exclusively for the creation of an art gallery in my native town of Linz a.d. Donau.

It is my heartfelt desire that this legacy shall be fulfilled.

My most faithful party member

Martin Bormann

shall be the executor of this testament. He is authorized to make all decisions to be final and legal. He is permitted to take everything which either has personal souvenir value or which is necessary for the maintenance of a small bourgeois household and to give it to my brothers and sisters, and besides especially to the mother of my wife and my co-workers who all are well known to him. There are most of all my oil secretaries Mrs Winter etc., who for many years gave me loyal co-operation.

Myself and my wife choose death to escape the disgrace of being forced to resign or to surrender. It is our wish to be cremated immediately at the place where I have done the greatest part of my work during the twelve years of service for my people.

Given in Berlin, 29th. April 1945, 4:00 hrs

(Signed) A. Hitler

As Witnesses:

(Sd.) Martin Bormann
(Sd.) Dr. Goebbels

As Witness:
(Sd.) Nicolaus von Below.

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