The Mysterious William Shakespeare


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Myself . By T.V. Antony Raj
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A Shortcut to Learn French


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Myself . By T.V. Antony Raj
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Learn French

THE COMMONEST WORDS IN FRENCH

In 1958, I opted for French as second language for my Bachelors degree, at St. Xavier’s College, Palayamkottai, Tamilnadu, India.

Rev. Fr. Moumas, S.J. (Photo taken in 1979 by T.V. Antony Raj)

Rev. Fr. Moumas, S.J. (Photo taken in 1979 by T.V. Antony Raj)

It was the late Rev. Fr. Moumas S.J., a saintly jovial Jesuit priest from Gascony, who taught me French.

Learning the language was never an easy task. I used to spend a lot of time reading French novels borrowed from the well-stocked college library. In the 1960s and 70s, after graduating, while being employed in Sri Lanka, I used to visit the Library at the Alliance Française in Colombo often, trying to brush up and augment the French I learned in college. During this time, I took down notes and found an easy method to learn French.

Recently, while browsing through my old papers and books, I came across four pages of French words I had picked about 50 years ago. Since I feel that this list would provide a shortcut to you and your children to learn French, I have presented them below. Please pass it on to your friends and their children.

The words in the list occur most frequently in ordinary French, as determined by a word count of 400,000 running words of French prose. The figures after each word indicate its average number of occurrences per 1,000 words. It will be seen that the total is 446.1; in other words, learn these,  and you will know 44.6% of the words of French.

LEARN THEM NOW.

The meanings given are the common English translations.  Others are possible.

à , au, aux, à l’ = to, at, in, to, the, at the, in the, to the = 21.4
aller (v.) = to go = 2.1
autre = other = 1.7
avec = with = 3.4
1avoir (v.) = to have = 13.7
bien (adv.) = well, very = 2.8
bon = good = 1.2
ce, cet, cette, ces = this, that, these, those = 12.0
comme = as, like = 2.5
dans = in, within = 6.7
de, du, de l’, de la, des = of, from, of the, from the = 54.9
deux = two = 1.8
dire = to say, tell = 4.2
1donner (v.) = to give = 1.4
elle; elles = she, it, her; they, them = 8.0
en (prep.) = in, while = 6.3
en (pron.) = of it, of them, some, in the matter = 2.6
enfant = child = 1.1
et = and = 19.1
1etre (v.) = to be = 20.6
1faire (v.) = to make, do, have (something done) = 4.5
femme = woman, wife = 1.2
grand = tall, big = 2.0
homme = man, husband = 2.4
il; ils = he, it, him; they them = 13.7
jour = day = 1.2
le, la, l’, les (art.) = the = 69.4
le, la, l’, les (pron.) = him, her, it them
leur (pron.) = to them, them = 2.6
leur, leurs (adj.) = their
lui (pron.) = (to) him, her, it = 3.8
mais = but = 3.7
2je = I = 15.0
2me = me, to me
2moi = me, I
mon, ma, mes (adj.) = my = 4.5
ne … pas = not = 10.5
notre, nos = our = 1.2
nous = we, us, to us = 4.1
on = one, they, we = 3.9
ou = or = 1.9
Ou … ou,  soit … soit = either …. or
= where = 1.1
par = by = 3.7
pas (neg. adv.) = not, no = 5.6
petit = little, small, insignificant, petty = 1.7
plus (adv.) = more = 4.3
pour = for, in order to = 3.2
1pouvoir (v.) = to be able, can = 1.9
1prendre (v.) = to take = 1.2
que (conj.) = as, than = 12.8
que? (interr.) = what? = 3.0
que (rel. pron.) = who, whom, which, that
qui? (interr.) = who? = 7.6
qui (rel. pron.) = who, whom, which, that
sans = without = 1.8
1savoir (v.) = to know = 1.4
se = himself, herself, itself, oneself, themselves, each other = 8.7
si = If, even, if so = 2.5
son, sa, ses = his, her, its = 8.9
sur (prep.) = on, atop, about, in, on top, over = 3.4
tout = all, every = 6.1
tu, te, toi = you = 1.8
un, une (art.) = a, an = 18.5
un (num.) = one
1venir (v.) = to come =

1.3

1voir (v.) = to see =

2.1

votre, vos = your =

1.3

1vouloir (v.) = to want, wish =

1.5

vous = you, to you =

5.2

y = To it, to them, in it, in them, there =

2.4

Total

=

446.1

 

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Pepsi IPL 2014 – Schedule of Matches in India – #41 to #60 (Finals)


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Myself . By T.V. Antony Raj
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Season 7 IPL

After playing the first twenty matches of the seventh season of Pepsi Indian Premier League 2014, the rest of the matches will be played in India from May 2, 2014 onwards.

M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai (Photo by Ron Gaunt/IPL/SPORTZPICS)

M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai (Photo by Ron Gaunt/IPL/SPORTZPICS)

Qualifier #1 and the Eliminator matches will be played at M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai.

Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai (Photo by Sandeep Shetty/IPL/SPORTZPICS)

Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai (Photo by Sandeep Shetty/IPL/SPORTZPICS)

Qualifier #2 and the Final matches will be played at Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai.

Pepsi IPL 2014 - Schedule of Matches in India: #41 to #60 (Finals)

 M41 15th May 2014 (Thursday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Rajasthan Royals vs Delhi Daredevils
Venue: Sardar Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad
 M42 18th May 2014 (Sunday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Chennai Super Kings vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
Venue: M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai
 M43 18th May 2014 (Sunday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Kolkata Knight Riders
Venue: Rajiv Gandhi Cricket Stadium, Hyderabad
 M44 19th May 2014 (Monday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Rajasthan Royals vs Mumbai Indians
Venue: Sardar Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad
 M45 19th May 2014 (Monday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Delhi Daredevils vs Kings XI Punjab
Venue: Ferozeshah Kotla, Delhi
 M46 20th May 2014 (Tuesday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
Venue: Rajiv Gandhi Cricket Stadium, Hyderabad
 M47 20th May 2014 (Tuesday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Kolkata Knight Riders vs Chennai Super Kings
Venue: Eden Gardens, Kolkata
 M48 21st May 2014 (Wednesday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Kings XI Punjab vs Mumbai Indians
Venue: Punjab Cricket Association Stadium, Mohali
 M49 22nd May 2014 (Thursday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Kolkata Knight Riders vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
Venue: Eden Gardens, Kolkata
 M50 22nd May 2014 (Thursday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Chennai Super Kings vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
 Venue: M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai
 M51 23rd May 2014 (Friday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Mumbai Indians vs Delhi Daredevils
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
 M52 23rd May 2014 (Friday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Kings XI Punjab vs Rajasthan Royals
Venue: Punjab Cricket Association Stadium, Mohali
 M53 24th May 2014 (Saturday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Chennai Super Kings
 Venue: M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bengaluru
 M54 24th May 2014 (Saturday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Kolkata Knight Riders vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
Venue: Eden Gardens, Kolkata
 M55 25th May 2014 (Sunday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Kings XI Punjab vs Delhi Daredevils
Venue: Punjab Cricket Association Stadium, Mohali
 M56 25th May 2014 (Sunday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Mumbai Indians vs Rajasthan Royals
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
 MQ1 27th May 2014 (Tuesday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
TBD vs TBD
Venue: M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai
 MEl 28th May 2014 (Wednesday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
TBD vs TBD
Venue: M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai
 MQ2 30th May 2014 (Friday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
TBD vs TBD
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
 MFinals 1st June 2014 (Sunday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
TBD vs TBD
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai

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The Parable of the Mustard Seed


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Myself . By T.V. Antony Raj
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He [Jesus] proposed another parable to them.

“The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed that a person took and sowed in a field.

It is the smallest of all the seeds, yet when full-grown it is the largest of plants. It becomes a large bush, and the ‘birds of the sky come and dwell in its branches.’

- MATTHEW 13:31-32

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The people whom Jesus addressed during his lifetime were mainly rural folk who would have had enough knowledge of plants to understand the substance and nuances of Jesus’ teachings that involved plants.

Jesus taught profound spiritual truths to simple folk through parables, using relevant and familiar examples from daily life. The mustard plant, mentioned in the three Canonical gospels and in the non-canonical Gospel of Thomas is one of these cases.

The term “Mustard” is used to describe several plant species in the genera Brassica and Sinapis whose small mustard seeds are used as a spice. The mustard seeds are ground and mixed  with water, vinegar or other liquids, to prepare the condiment known as mustard paste or prepared mustard. The seeds are also pressed to make mustard oil. The edible leaves can be eaten as mustard greens.

According to Theophrastus and Pliny, mustard was grown in gardens and did not need any cultivating, as it sprouts all by itself.

Some suggest that Salvadora persica (Arak, Galenia asiatica, Meswak, Peelu, Pīlu, Salvadora indica,or toothbrush tree) is a species  of Salvadora, also known as “mustard tree,” is the mustard referred to in the Bible. The Arabs called this plant chardal and the Hebrew equivalent is also chardalSalvadora persica is popularly used as a chewing stick throughout the Arabian Peninsula, as well as the wider Muslim world. It is often mentioned that Prophet Muhammad recommended its use. He is cited in various Hadith extolling the twig’s virtues. However, this plant,  Salvadora persica, cannot be the mustard mentioned in the canonical gospels because it is a shrub unlike any other member of the mustard family; it is never cultivated; found only in deserts; and the fruits are large.

So, the most probable contenders are plants of the Brassicaceae, a medium-sized and economically important family of flowering plants (Angiosperms), that are informally known as the mustards, mustard flowers, the crucifers or the cabbage family. Varieties that we normally come across are black mustard (Brassica nigra), Mild white mustard (Sinapis hirta), the white mustard (Sinapis arvensis or Sinapis alba), and Indian mustard (Brassica juncea). All these plants have small seeds.

So the logical conclusion arrived by many experts is that the parable points to Brassica nigra.

The seeds of both black and white mustard are similar in size – about 1.0 to 3.0 mm (1/8 inch) making them the smallest seed that can be planted in the ground. This clearly indicates that Jesus was comparing the mustard seed to other seeds that were commonly grown. Though there might have been numerous other plants with smaller seeds familiar to his listeners, there were only a few plants which grew large and rapidly in one season as a mustard, characterized by rapid germination of the seed. Mustard sowed one day would germinate and begin sprouting the next day.

From a botanical point of view, a grown black mustard would still be a herb. Trees in most parts of the Holy Land do not attain a large stature. The black mustard plant itself can grow from two to eight feet tall and could be considered a shrub. Wild mustard plants that grow over ten feet tall have been noticed near the Jordan River.

It has also been noticed that the stem of mustard plants becomes dry and wood-like, which gives it the look of a tree.

Black mustard is an exceptionally large mustard plant. But is it strong enough for birds to perch on them?

The answer can be found in Mark 4:32,

But once it is sown, it springs up and becomes the largest of plants and puts forth large branches, so that the birds of the sky can dwell in its shade.

Almost all the versions of the gospel say that it becomes the largest of (garden) plants and puts forth large branches, so that the birds of the sky can dwell in its shade. They do not say that the birds can make nests in the branches; but say:

    • can dwell in its shade
    • “dwell in its branches”
    • can make nests in its shade
    • can NEST UNDER ITS SHADE
    • will be able to perch in its shade
    • may lodge under the shadow of it
    • so that under its shade the fowls of the heaven are able to rest

and so on.

To summarize, the features of the mustard plant emphasized by Jesus in the Parable of the Mustard Seed are the small size of the mustard seed, the large size of the mustard plant in relation to the seed, and the rapid growth of the plant from germination onwards.

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Pepsi IPL 2014 – Schedule of Matches in India – #21 to #40


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Myself . By T.V. Antony Raj
.

Season 7 IPL

After playing the first twenty matches of the seventh season of Pepsi Indian Premier League 2014 in Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Sharjah, the rest of the matches will be played in India.

JSCA International Stadium Complex, Ranchi, India.

JSCA International Stadium Complex, Ranchi, India.

The 21st match between Chennai Super Kings and Kolkata Knight Riders will be played on May 2, 2014 at JSCA International Cricket Stadium, Ranchi.

Pepsi IPL 2014 - Schedule of Matches in India

 M21 2nd May 2014 (Friday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Chennai Super Kings vs Kolkata Knight Riders
Venue: JSCA International Cricket Stadium, Ranchi
 M22 3rd May 2014 (Saturday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Mumbai Indians vs Kings XI Punjab
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
 M23 3rd May 2014 (Saturday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Delhi Daredevils vs Rajasthan Royals
Venue: Ferozeshah Kotla, Delhi
 M24 4th May 2014 (Sunday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
Venue: M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bengaluru
 M25 5th May 2014 (Monday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Rajasthan Royals vs Kolkata Knight Riders
Venue: Sardar Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad
 M26 5th May 2014 (Monday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Delhi Daredevils vs Chennai Super Kings
Venue: Ferozeshah Kotla, Delhi
 M27 6th May 2014 (Tuesday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Mumbai Indians vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
 M28 7th May 2014 (Wednesday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Delhi Daredevils vs Kolkata Knight Riders
Venue: Ferozeshah Kotla, Delhi
 M29 7th May 2014 (Wednesday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Kings XI Punjab vs Chennai Super Kings
Venue: Barabati Stadium, Cuttack
 M30 8th May 2014 (Thursday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Rajasthan Royals vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
Venue: Sardar Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad
 M31 9th May 2014 (Friday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Kings XI Punjab
Venue: M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bengaluru
 M32 10th May 2014 (Saturday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Delhi Daredevils vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
Venue: Ferozeshah Kotla, Delhi
 M33
10th May 2014 (Saturday) 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Mumbai Indians vs Chennai Super Kings
Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai
 M34 11th May 2014 (Sunday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Kings XI Punjab vs Kolkata Knight Riders
Venue: Barabati Stadium, Cuttack
 M35 11th May 2014 (Sunday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Rajasthan Royals
Venue: M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bengaluru
 M36 12th May 2014 (Monday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Mumbai Indians
Venue: Rajiv Gandhi Cricket Stadium, Hyderabad
 M37 13th May 2014 (Tuesday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Chennai Super Kings vs Rajasthan Royals
Venue: JSCA International Cricket Stadium, Ranchi
 M38 13th May 2014 (Tuesday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Delhi Daredevils
Venue: M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bengaluru
 M39 14th May 2014 (Wednesday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Kings XI Punjab
Venue: Rajiv Gandhi Cricket Stadium, Hyderabad
 M40 14th May 2014 (Wednesday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Kolkata Knight Riders vs Mumbai Indians
Venue: Eden Gardens, Kolkata

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Pepsi IPL 2014 – Schedule of Matches in Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Sharjah


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Myself . By T.V. Antony Raj
.

Season 7 IPL

The seventh season of Pepsi Indian Premier League opens at Sheikh Zayed Stadium, in Abu Dhabi today with an opening match between Mumbai Indians and Kolkata Knight Riders at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT) .

The Teams for Pepsi IPL 2014

 CSK  DD  KKR  KXI
 MI  RCB  RR  SH

The Captains of Pepsi IPL 2014

The Captains  of IPL 2014 - Mumbai Indians: Rohit Sharma, Sunrisers Hyderabad: Shikhar Dhawan, Rajasthan Royals: Shane Watson, Delhi Daredevils: Kevin Pietersen, Kolkata Knight Riders: Gautam Gambhir, Kings XI Punjab: George Bailey, Royal Challengers Bangalore: Virat Kohli, Chennai Super Kings: MS Dhoni

The Captains of IPL 2014 – Mumbai Indians: Rohit Sharma, Sunrisers Hyderabad: Shikhar Dhawan, Rajasthan Royals: Shane Watson, Delhi Daredevils: Kevin Pietersen, Kolkata Knight Riders: Gautam Gambhir, Kings XI Punjab: George Bailey, Royal Challengers Bangalore: Virat Kohli, Chennai Super Kings: MS Dhoni

Chennai Super Kings: MS Dhoni

Delhi Daredevils: Kevin Pietersen

Kings XI Punjab: George Bailey

Kolkata Knight Riders: Gautam Gambhir

Mumbai Indians: Rohit Sharma

Rajasthan Royals: Shane Watson

Royal Challengers Bangalore: Virat Kohli

Sunrisers Hyderabad: Shikhar Dhawan

Pepsi IPL 2014 - Schedule of Matches in Abu Dhabi,  Dubai and Sharjah

 M01 16th April 2014 (Wednesday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Mumbai Indians vs Kolkata Knight Riders
Venue: Sheikh Zayed Stadium, Abu Dhabi
 M02 17th April 2014 (Thursday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Delhi Daredevils vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
 Venue: Sharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah
 M03 18th April 2014 (Friday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Chennai Super Kings vs Kings XI Punjab
Venue: Sheikh Zayed Stadium, Abu Dhabi
 M04 18th April 2014 (Friday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Rajasthan Royals
 Venue: Sheikh Zayed Stadium, Abu Dhabi
 M05 19th April 2014 (Saturday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Mumbai Indians
 Venue: Dubai International Stadium, Dubai
 M06 19th April 2014 (Saturday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Kolkata Knight Riders vs Delhi Daredevils
 Venue: Dubai International Stadium, Dubai
 M07 20th April 2014 (Sunday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Rajasthan Royals vs Kings XI Punjab
Venue: Sharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah
 M08 21st April 2014 (Monday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Chennai Super Kings vs Delhi Daredevils
 Venue: Sheikh Zayed Stadium, Abu Dhabi
 M09 22nd April 2014 (Tuesday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Kings XI Punjab vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
 Venue: Sharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah
 M10 23rd April 2014 (Wednesday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Rajasthan Royals vs Chennai Super Kings
Venue: Dubai International Stadium, Dubai
 M11 24th April 2014 (Thursday ) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Royal Challengers Bangalore vs Kolkata Knight Riders
 Venue: Sharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah
 M12 25th April 2014 (Friday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Delhi Daredevils
Venue: Dubai International Stadium, Dubai
 M13 25th April 2014 (Friday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
 Chennai Super Kings vs Mumbai Indians
 Venue: Dubai International Stadium, Dubai
 M14 26th April 2014 (Saturday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Rajasthan Royals vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
 Venue: Sheikh Zayed Stadium, Abu Dhabi
 M15 26th April 2014 at (Saturday) 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
 Kolkata Knight Riders vs Kings XI Punjab
 Venue: Sheikh Zayed Stadium, Abu Dhabi
 M16 27th April 2014 (Sunday) at 4:00pm IST (2:30pm GST, 10:30am GMT)
Delhi Daredevils vs Mumbai Indians
 Venue: Sharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah
 M17 27th April 2014 (Sunday ) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Sunrisers Hyderabad vs Chennai Super Kings
 Venue: Sharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah
 M18 28th April 2014 (Monday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Kings XI Punjab vs Royal Challengers Bangalore
Venue: Dubai International Stadium, Dubai
 M19 29th April 2014 (Tuesday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Kolkata Knight Riders vs Rajasthan Royals
 Venue: Sheikh Zayed Stadium, Abu Dhabi
 M20 30th April 2014 (Wednesday) at 8:00pm IST (6:30pm GST, 2:30pm GMT)
Mumbai Indians vs Sunrisers Hyderabad
Venue: Dubai International Stadium, Dubai
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What Does LOL, LMAO, ROFL, BRB, AFK, TY, THX, etc., Mean?


 

Internet slang - 1

Internet slang, is coined and popularized by internet users to save time on keystrokes. It saves the writer’s time, but most writers do not realize that the reader of their slang spends more than twice the time to understand what the writer is trying to say. That is why I strive not to use internet slang in my communications.

While surfing, and by searching the internet, I deduced the meaning of a few internet slang plus a few others which I would like to share here with you.

Listing of Internet Slang and Acronyms

Slang and Acronyms  =    Meaning

1                                 =    One / exclamation mark

2                                 =   To / Too / Two

4                                 =   For or Four

AFAP                           =   As Far As Possible

A&F                             =  AAF Always And Forever

A3                               =  Anywhere, Any time, Any place

AA                               =  Alcoholics Anonymous

AAB                             =  Average At Best

AAK                             =  Alive And Kicking

AAMOF                         =  As A Matter Of Fact

AAP                             =  Always A Pleasure

AAR                             =  At Any Rate

AAYF                           =  As Always, Your Friend

ABD                            =  Already Been Done

ABH                            =  Actual Bodily Harm

ABN                            =  Asshole By Nature

ABT                            =  Absolutely

ABT                            =  About

ADL                            =  All Day Long

ADMIN                        =  Administrator

ADN                            =  Any Day Now

AEAE                           =  And Ever And Ever

AEAP                           =  As Early As Possible

AFAIAC / AFAIC            =  As Far As I Am Concerned

AFAICS                        =  As Far As I Can See

AFAICT                        =  As Far As I Can Tell

AFAIK                          =  As Far As I Know

AFC                             =  Away From Computer

AFD                             =  All F***ing Day

AFT                             =  About F***ing Time

AGW                           =  All Going Well

Aight                           =  Are you alright, Yo

ALOL                           =  Actually Laughing Out Loud

ANY1                           =  Anyone

AYSOS                         =  Are You Stupid Or Something?

B                                 =  Be

B4                               =  Before

Bb                               =  Bye Bye, Goodbye

BBIAB                          =  Be Back In A Bit

BBL                              =  Be Back Later

BBS                              =  Be Back Soon

BD                                =  Big Deal

BRB                              =  Be right back

BRB                              =  Be right back / Bath-room break

BRT                              =  Be right there

BTW                             =  By the way

C                                  =  See

CSWS                           =  Can’t Stop, Won’t Stop

CU                                =  See you

CUL                              =  See you later

Cuz                               =  Because

CYA                              =  See you

CYS                              =  Check Your Settings

da                                 =  The

dat                                =  That

der                                =  There

DIAF                             =  Die In A Fire

Dunno                           =  Don’t know

FAQ                              =  Frequently Asked Questions

FOAD                            =  **** Off And Die

FTL                               =  For The Loss

FTUW                            =  For The Uber Win

FTW                              =  For The Win

FWIW                            =  For What It’s Worth

FYI                                =  For Your Information

G2G / GTG                    =  Got to go

GAL                              =  Get A Life

GFY                              =  Good For You

GG                               =  Good game, Good going

GIYF                             =  Google Is Your Friend

HAND                           =  Have A Nice Day

HS                                =  Holy Shit

HTH                             =  Hope This Helps

IACL                             =  I Am Currently Laughing

IANAL                           =  I Am Not A Lawyer

IANARS                         =  I Am Not A Rocket Scientist

IC                                 =  I see

ICYDK                           =  In Case You Didn’t Know

IDGI                             =  I Don’t Get It

IDK                               =  I Don’t Know

IIRC                             =  If I Recall Correctly

ILY / ILU                       =  I Love You

IMHO                            =  In My Honest Opinion

IMNSHO                        =  In My Not So Honest Opinion

IMO                              =  In My Opinion

IRL                               =  In Real Life

ITT                               =  In This Thread

IYDMMA                        =  If You Don’t Mind Me Asking

JJ                                 =  Just Joking

JK                                =  Just Kidding

JOOC                           =  Just Out Of Curiosity

JP                                =  Just Playing

K                                  =  Okay

KKOk                            =  Cool / Ok Kewl

KL                                =  kool, cool

Kwl                              =  Cool

L8r                              =  Later

LLAH                           =  Laughing Like A Hyena

LMAO                          =  Laughing My Ass Off

LMFAO                        =  Laughing My F*cking Ass Off

LOL                             =  Laugh Out Loud

LQTM                          =  Laugh Quietly To Myself

M8                              =  Mate

MYOB                          =  Mind Your Own Business

NLS                             =  Not Life Safe

NOYB                          =  None Of Your Business

NP                               =  No Problem

NSFW                          =  Not Safe For Work

NVM                            =  Never mind

NWS                            =  Not Work Safe

O                                =  Oh

O3                              =  Out of Office

OIC                             =  Oh, I see

OJ                               =  Only Joking

OMG                            =  Oh My God! / Oh My Goodness!,

OC                              =  Out Of Character

OP                              =  Original Poster / Original Post

OT                              =  Off Topic

PEBKAC                       =  Problem Exists Between The Keyboard And The Chair

Pic                              =  Picture

PITA                           =  Pain In The Ass

Pix                              =  Pictures

Plz / Pls                       =  Please

PPMSLL                       =  Pissing/ Pissed Myself Laughing

POSL                          =  Piece Of ShIt

PPLL                           =  People

PTTLL                         =  Pop To The Loo

RL                              =  Real Life

ROFL                          =  Rolling On The Floor Laughing

ROFLMAO                   =  Rolling On The Floor Laughing My Ass Off

ROFLMAOL                 =  Rolling On The Floor Laughing My Ass Out Loud

Shudda                       =  Should Have

SMH                           =  Shaking My Head

SO                             =  Significant Other

SOS                           =  Same Old Shit

Soz / srry                   =  Sorry

SSDD                         =  Same Shit, Different Day

STFW                         =  Search The F*cking Web

sup                            =  What’s up?

sup homes                  =  What’s up, friend?

SWW                          =  Sorry, Wrong Window – typing in the wrong box

Thnx                          =  Thanks

Tho                            =  Though

TIA                            =  Thanks In Advance

TTFN                          =  Ta Ta For Now

TTYL                          =  Talk To You Later

TTYT                          =  Talk To You Tomorrow

TY                              =  Thank You

TYT                            =  Take Your Time

U                                =  You

W8                              =  Wait

Wanna                         =  Want to

WB                              =  Welcome Back

Wd                              =  Well done

WDUWTA?                   =  What Do You Want To Talk About?

Wile                             =  While

WOOT                         =  We Own the Other Team

WTH?                          =  What The Hell?

WURSC                        =  Wow, you are so cool

YCM                             =  You Copied Me

Ye                               =  Yeah / Yes

YMMV                          =  Your Mileage May Vary

Yo                               = Hey / Your

YSVW                          =  You are So Very Welcome

YW                              =  You are Welcome

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The most overly used, yet most understood word in the Christian language…hypocrite


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Pastor Mike

 

 

..By Pastor Maike

 

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Hypocrite

If you walked down the street of the a busy city and asked random people about Christians what do you think they would say? I would love to say that those people would have nothing but good things to say, but sadly that is not true. Unfortunately, the word that would be most commonly used probably wouldn’t be loving, nice, compassionate or forgiving. Unfortunately, the word probably most often used to describe a Christian has been a hypocrite. That’s not to say that I agree with that, but that’s what a lot of people would say. So naturally I thought we should check out what the Bible has to say about hypocrites and hypocrisy.

Sometimes when looking up a certain topic in the Bible you can’t find a place where the Bible specifically talks about it and you have just have to put two and two together. Hypocrisy or hypocrites is not one of those topics. The Bible talks about hypocrites a lot and nobody talks about hypocrites in the Bible more often than Jesus himself.

Jesus obviously frowned upon hypocrisy, but what exactly is hypocrisy? There are a few different ways of being a hypocrite and each is shown in the Bible. The first type of hypocrisy can be found in Matthew chapter 6. In verse 2 Jesus says,

So when you give to the needy, do not announce it with trumpets, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and on the streets, to be honored by men. I tell you the truth, they have received their reward in full.

Jesus goes on to say,

And when you pray, do not be like the hypocrites, for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the street corners to be seen by men. I tell you the truth, they have received their rewards in full.

This is probably not the most common type of hypocrisy, although you may know someone like the people described in these verses. This type of a hypocrite is somebody that actually does something good, but does them for the wrong reasons. It’s not good enough to just pray to God or give to the needy, you must also have a good reason for it. A good Christian will pray because he wants to have a closer relationship with God or give to the needy out of compassion, but a hypocrite will do these things for their own glory. A hypocrite will make sure that other Christians see them so they can brag about how good a Christian they are.

Another type of hypocrite can be found in Matthew chapter 7. Verse 5 says,

You hypocrite, first take the plank out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your brother’s eye.

This example of a hypocrite is probably the most common example of a hypocrite. Mainly because this type of hypocrisy isn’t really about being a Christian. This type of hypocrisy can be seen in anybody. Basically what this verse is talking about is that person A is telling person B about a flaw in them when person A is a hypocrite because they also have the same flaw. It basically would be like Lex Luthor walk up to Superman and telling him he should be nicer to people.

Like I said, this type of hypocrisy can be found in anybody, not just Christians, but how should a Christian act? A good Christian would first take a look at themselves and see if they have this flaw before calling somebody else out on it. If they also have that flaw, then they should take care of it before they tell anybody else what to do. That is what Jesus is talking about when he says to remove the plank from your own eye.

If you’re not being a hypocrite there is nothing wrong with confronting somebody with a problem they have but just like the hypocrites in the first example, you shouldn’t do this in public. Talk to the person in private.

Both of these are examples of hypocrites and you probably know people like them, but when people call Christians hypocrites they are usually referring to the third example. 1 John 2:4 tells us about this type of Christian:

“Whoever says ‘I know him’ but does not keep his commandments is a liar, and the truth is not in him.

It’s pretty simple. This type of hypocrite is the type of person that claims they are a Christian, but then doesn’t act like it. They might attend church on Sundays, even though the night before they were out doing sinful things. The Bible is very straightforward, these people are liars. You probably don’t need the Bible to tell you that, it’s pretty clear. In God’s eyes people that claim to be Christians but don’t act like it aren’t “Christian hypocrites”, they’re just non-Christians. They were never Christians to begin with.

Of course, God isn’t saying, “if you ever break one single rule, then that’s it, you’re a liar.” It just means if you really are a Christian then you will make a genuine attempt to follow all of his commandments. We aren’t perfect. Sometimes we’ll make a mistake and unfortunately when we make that mistake, a non-Christian will probably be there to call us a hypocrite because they love pointing them out. But as long as you keep on trying to follow God’s commandments, then you aren’t a hypocrite, you’re just human.

Are you a Christian Hypocrite

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Reposted from PASTOR MIKE SAYS

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Violet Jessop, the 20th Century Lady Jonah: Part 8 – After the Britannic Disaster


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Myself . By T.V. Antony Raj
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On November 21, 1916, at 8:15 am, the British destroyer the HMS Scourge had received the distress signal from HMHS Britannic. Immediately, her Captain set course for the Kea channel. He sent a request for assistance to the HMS Foxhound, another British destroyer, patrolling in the Gulf of Athens.  He also requested the French tugs Polyphemus and Goliath to help rescue survivors.

At 8:28 am, the auxiliary cruiser SS Heroic, which had encountered the Britannic earlier that day, received the signal and reversed its course immediately.

At 8:35 am, the HMS Scourge requested the assistance of the HMS Foxhound, another British destroyer, patrolling in the Gulf of Athens.

Northwest of Korissia on Kea, the sea was littered with debris, corpses and survivors in lifeboats.

Fortunately, as I mentioned before, two lifeboats on HMHS Britannic were motor propelled and equipped with wireless sets for communications. These innovations proved crucial in the rescue of the hundreds of people scattered all over the area of the wreckage. The two motorized lifeboats quickly picked up as many survivors as possible as they traveled faster and were more maneuverable than the vintage non-motorized lifeboats.  They transported the wounded to Korissia.

Greek fishermen from Kea were the first to arrive on the scene of the wreckage. They picked up a few people from the water.

Around 10 am, SS Heroic picked up 494 people from the lifeboats and from water.

Some of the survivors aboard HMS Scourge (Source: pbs.org)

Some of the survivors aboard HMS Scourge (Source: pbs.org)

A few minutes later, HMS Scourge arrived and picked up 339 survivors. The HMS Foxhound arrived at 11:45 am, followed by the HMS Foresight, one of two Forward class scout cruiser of the Royal Navy, at 2 pm.

A total of 1,036 people out of 1,066 on board the HMHS Britannic were saved. Thirty people - nine members of the Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) and 21 crew members - lost their lives and 24 people were injured. 

Even though HMHS Britannic was the biggest ship lost in the First World War, her sinking was not costly in terms of loss of human life when compared to the sinking of her sister ship RMS Titanic. There were 1,066 people on board, with 1,036 survivors picked up from the sea and lifeboats with the loss of 30 lives chopped by the giant propellers.

After the sinking of HMHS Britannic, Violet Jessop continued to work aboard ocean liners for 38 more years. After the First World War, she left the White Star Line and joined the Red Star Line and then joined the Royal Mail Line again.

She got married in her late thirties. The marriage was brief. In 1950 she retired to Great Ashfield, Suffolk.

Violet Jessop, often, allegorically called “Miss Unsinkable” by many, died of congestive heart failure in 1971 at the age of 83.

Titanic Survivor

The book “Titanic Survivor” contains some passages of Violet Jessop memoir written in 1934, originally named Neptune’s Greenroom. It has been informatively annotated by editor John Maxtone-Graham.

Arthur John Priest, the lowly stoker in the boiler rooms.

Arthur John Priest, the lowly stoker in the boiler rooms.

I feel that Arthur John Priest, the lowly stoker in the boiler rooms, truly deserves the name ‘unsinkable‘ rather than Violet Jessop. He survived the following incidents:

  • In 1907, the RMS Asturias foundering on its maiden voyage.
  • On September 20, 1911, the collision of RMS Olympic with HMS Hawke.
  • On April 15, 1912, the sinking of RMS Titanic. He was rescued, probably in lifeboat 15.
  • On February 29, 1916, the sinking of SS Alcantara by the German armed merchant cruiser SMS Greif.
  • On November 21, 1916, the sinking of RMS Britannic.
  • In April 1917, the sinking of SS Donegal. Also, on board that ship was Archie Jewell, the lookout. Priest survived yet again, but Archie Jewell was killed.

John Priest died in Southampton from pneumonia in 1937.

Now, I wonder who the real Jonah was on the three ships: RMS Olympic, RMS Titanic and RMS Britannic. Was it Violet Jessop, the stewardess/nurse, or Arthur John Priest, the fireman/stoker?

 

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Violet Jessop, the 20th Century Lady Jonah: Part 7 – Sinking of the HMHS Britannic


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Myself . By T.V. Antony Raj
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HMHS Britannic - Coloured by Cyril Codus (Source: httptitanic-model.com)

HMHS Britannic – Coloured by Cyril Codus (Source: httptitanic-model.com)

On November 21, 1916,  Violet Jessop, after attending an early service by Rev. John A. Fleming, one of the ship’s chaplains, was having breakfast along with others in the dining room. In the dining room was John Priest, a fireman or stoker who was on board along with Violet Jessop on the RMS Olympic when she collided with the HMS Hawke, and was also aboard the RMS Titanic when she sank on April 15, 1912.

At 8:12 am, a loud explosion reverberated around the ship. HMHS Britannic apparently struck a submerged sea mine. Violet Jessop later wrote:

Suddenly, there was a dull deafening roar. Britannic gave a shiver, a long drawn out shudder from stem to stern, shaking the crockery on the tables, breaking things till it subsided as she slowly continued on her way. We all knew she had been struck...”

Later on, Reverend Fleming described the blast as “if a score of plate glass windows had been smashed together.”

In his official report Captain Charles Alfred Barlett said:

a tremendous but muffled explosion occurred, the ship trembling and vibrating most violently fore and aft, continuing for some time; the ship fell off about 3 points from her course.

Some aboard the ship thought the ship had hit a small boat. Even so, the doctors and nurses left the dining room immediately for their posts. Many others outside the dining room felt a forceful bump that swept them off their feet. Captain Barlett said:

Water was seen to be thrown up to E or D deck forward at the time of the explosion, and a cloud of black smoke was seen, the fumes for some time being suffocating.

The first reports brought to Captain Bartlett and Chief Officer Hume on the bridge were alarming; HMHS Britannic had apparently struck a submerged sea mine. The explosion had taken place low on the starboard side between holds 2 and 3. The watertight bulkhead between hold 1 and the forepeak was damaged.

Britannic's flooding limit. Green:Firemens tunnel. Purple: Watertight bulkheads. Digital elaboration by Michail Michailakis. (Source: hmhsbritannic.weebly.com)

Britannic’s flooding limit. Green:Firemens tunnel. Purple: Watertight bulkheads. Digital elaboration by Michail Michailakis. (Source: hmhsbritannic.weebly.com)

The first four watertight compartments started filling with water. The watertight door of the firemen’s tunnel connecting the firemen’s quarters in the bow with boiler room 6 was severely damaged and water started flowing into that boiler room. The watertight door between boiler rooms 6 and 5 also failed to close properly.

Captain Barlett later said:

The damage was most extensive, probably the whole of the fore part of the ship’s bottom being destroyed and in my opinion penetrating to No.6 boiler room.

To aggravate matters, as the ship’s list increased, water reached the level of the portholes that had been opened previously by the nurses to ventilate the wards.

Captain Bartlett sent a distress signal and ordered the crew to get ready to launch the lifeboats.

At 8:35 am, Captain Bartlett gave the order to abandon ship and the crew members started the drill to lower the lifeboats for evacuation.

Death of the Britannic.a(Artist - Ken Marschall)

Death of the Britannic.a(Artist – Ken Marschall)

At 8:35 am, Captain Bartlett gave the order to abandon ship and the crew members started the drill to lower the lifeboats for evacuation.

An officer ordered two lifeboats to be lowered. A group of panic-stricken stewards and some sailors rushed immediately and occupied the two lifeboats. The officer decided not to remove the frightened stewards from the lifeboats as he did not want them later to obstruct the evacuation of the people on board. He ordered all the sailors to get out except one on each lifeboat to take charge of it as it left the sinking ship.

The officer then ordered the lifeboats to be lowered, but stopped lowering them when they were about six feet above the churning water as he realized the engines were still running. He waited for further orders from the bridge. Shortly after, the order came from the bridge not to launch any lifeboats as the Captain Bartlett had decided to beach the Britannic.

Captain Bartlett made a dire try to beach the ship on the shores of Kea, about three miles out to his right. Unfortunately, the steering gear did not respond due to the list and she slowly started to turn.

The nurses were loaded onto the lifeboats for evacuation after being counted and grouped by Matron E. A Dowse.

A group of firemen/stokers furtively took a lifeboat from the poop deck without being authorized. Seeing the lifeboat was not filled to its maximum capacity, Assistant Commander Harry William Dyke ordered the firemen to pick up some men who had already jumped into the water. In the next 50 minutes, the crew managed to lower 35 of 58 lifeboats.

Of the lifeboats assigned to Third Officer David Laws three were lowered without his knowledge. Using automatic release gear they dropped six feet and hit the water violently. The gigantic propellers that were still running were almost out of the water and the two of the three unauthorized lifeboats started drifting towards the giant rotating blades of the portside propeller.

Archie Jewell, the lookout, was in one of the lifeboats which was being sucked into the ship’s still turning propellers. However, he survived. In a letter to his sisters Archie described his escape:

“… most of us jumped in the waterbut it was no good we was pulled right in under the bladesI shut my eyes and said good bye to this world, but I was struck with a big piece of the boat and got pushed right under the blades and I was goin around like a topI came up under some of the wreckage everything was goin black to me when some one on top was strugling and pushed the wreckage away so I came up just in time I was nearly done for there was one poor fellow drowning and he caught hold of me but I had to shake him off so the poor fellow went under.

Violet Jessop was in one the other lifeboat, No. 4. In her memoirs she wrote:

“... the lifeboat started gliding down rapidly, scraping the ship’s side, splintering the glass in our faces from the boxes, which formed, when lighted, the green lighted band around a hospital ship’s middle, and making a terrible impact as we landed on the water...”

… eyes were looking with unexpected horror at the debris and the red streaks all over the water. The falls of the lowered lifeboat, left hanging, could now be seen with human beings clinging to them, like flies on flypaper, holding on for dear life, with a growing fear of the certain death that awaited them if they let go…”

Moments after touching the water, her lifeboat clustered with the other lifeboats already in the water, struggling to get free from the ship’s side, but it was rapidly drifting into the propellers.

… every man jack in the group of surrounding boats took a flying leap into the sea. They came thudding from behind and all around me, taking to the water like a vast army of rats I turned around to see the reason for this exodus and, to my horror, saw Britannic’s huge propellers churning and mincing up everything near them-men, boats and everything were just one ghastly whirl“.

To avoid being sucked into the Britannic’s propellers that chopped to shreds the lifeboats, one after another, Violet overcame her fear and jumped out of the lifeboat even though she could not swim. She struck her head on the ship’s keel. An arm grabbed her, but Violet shirked it off fearing the arm was that of another person drowning like herself. She surfaced because of the life-belt she was wearing and her clothes almost torn off her.

… The first thing my smarting eyes beheld was a head near me, a head split open, like a sheep’s head served by the butcher, the poor brains trickling over on to the khaki shoulders. All around were heart-breaking scenes of agony, poor limbs wrenched out as if some giant had torn them in his rage. The dead floated by so peacefully now, men coming up only to go down again for the last time, a look of frightful horror on their faces…“.

At this exact moment, a third lifeboat was about to be shred to pieces by the propellers. Violet Jessop closed her eyes to stop watching the impending massacre. Unaware of the bloodbath generated by the monstrous propeller blades, Captain Bartlett gave orders to stop the engines. The propellers stopped turning, and the occupants of this boat pushed against the blades and escaped with their lives.

Violet Jessop was rescued once again by a lifeboat.

Around 8:50 am noticing the rate of the flooding had decreased, Captain Bartlett gave orders to restart the engines in a second attempt to beach the ship. But he immediately aborted the attempt as water was reported on Deck D.

At 9:00 am, when the water reached the bridge, Captain Bartlett sounded one last blow on the whistle alerting the ship’s engineers, who had remained at their posts until the last possible moment, to evacuate the ship.

Captain Bartlett swam from the bridge to a collapsible lifeboat. From there he coordinated the rescue operations.

The ship rolled over her starboard side. The funnels collapsed. The machinery on the deck fell into the sea.

Location where HMHS Britannic sank.

Location where HMHS Britannic sank.

At 9:07 am, 55 minutes after the explosion, HMHS Britannic, built to be an ocean cruiser, envisaged to be the last word in luxury travel, but never served as a transatlantic passenger liner, sank and vanished into the depths at 37°42’05.0″N 24°17’02.0″E, on its sixth voyage as a hospital ship transporting sick and wounded soldiers.

Reverend John Fleming who left the sinking ship in the second-last boat, described the sinking:

Gradually the waters licked up and up the decks — the furnaces belching forth volumes of smoke, as if the great engines were in their last death agony; one by one the monster funnels melted away as wax before a flame, and crashed upon the decks, till the waters rushed down; then report after report rang over the sea, telling of the explosions of the boilers. The waters moved over the deck still, the bows of the ship dipping deeper and deeper into the sea, until the rudder stood straight up from the surface of the water, and, poised thus for a few moments, dived perpendicularly into the depths, leaving hardly a ripple behind. A sense of the desert overwhelmed my soul.

 

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