The Archangel Gabriel


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Myself By T.V. Antony Raj
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In the Gospel of Luke, Chapter 1 is devoted to the story of Archangel Gabriel announcing the birth of John (the Baptist) to aged Zechariah and the birth of Jesus to virgin Mary.

In Abrahamic religions, Gabriel (Hebrew: גַּבְרִיאֵל, Arabic: جبريل, Jibrīl or جبرائيل Jibrāʾīl) meaning “God is my strength” is an Archangel who typically serves as a messenger to humans from God.

Archangel Gabriel

Archangel Gabriel

The first appearance of Gabriel is in chapter 9 in the Book of Daniel, delivering explanations of Daniel’s visions.

In the Gospel of Luke Gabriel foretells the births of both John the Baptist and of Jesus. Catholic traditions refer to him as Gabriel the Archangel.

Gabriel is referred to as “he” in the Bible, and in Daniel 9:21 he is explicitly called “the man Gabriel”:

  • I was still praying, when the man, Gabriel, whom I had seen in vision before, came to me in flight at the time of the evening offering. (Daniel 9:21)

Some moderns, especially New Age exponents, portray Gabriel as female or androgynous.

Androgyny is a term derived from Greek referring to the combination of masculine and feminine characteristics.

In Latter-day Saint theology, Gabriel is believed to have lived a mortal life as the prophet Noah. So, according to them Archangel Gabriel and prophet Noah are regarded as the same person; Noah being his mortal name and Gabriel being his heavenly name.

Jibrāʾīl in Islam

In Islam there are four archangels: Jibrāʾīl (Gabriel), Mika’el (Michael), Israfil (Raphael) and Malak al-Maut (The Angel of Death).

Although some islamic texts claim the Angel of Death’s real name is Izrael (Azrael), this is not confirmed in the Qur’an or hadith.

Jibrāʾīl is called the chief of the four favoured angels and the spirit of truth. He is Allah’s messenger to the prophets. At times Jibrāʾīl takes the form of a man. In Islam, he is also called the created Holy Spirit, which is not to be confused with the Holy Spirit of God in Christianity who is revered as God Himself.

Jibrāʾīl is believed by Muslims to have been the angel who revealed the Holy Qur’an to prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.).

According to the Holy Qur’an, Archangel Jibrāʾīl appeared to prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) in a cave where he went to pray. Here is the story that I read long ago. If my retelling of this encounter be wrong I stand to be corrected by my muslim bretheren.

Muhammad (s.a.w.) was a young man around forty and a well to do merchant in the city of Mecca. It was his habit to leave the city and walk up to to a cave in Mount Hira, to be alone and ponder over the day’s events and about the world around him. He would spend time there fasting, praying, thinking, and trying to find answers to the meaning of life.

One day towards the end of the month of Ramadan the prophet came back home exasperated and in an agitated state.

His wife Khadija was initially startled when she heard the prophet telling her that he must have gone mad for he had been visited by an angel. The prophet told her that while he was in a trance-like state, the Archangel Jibrāʾīl appeared before him holding a cloth of green brocade with writing embroidered on it.

“Read,” said the angel.

The Prophet was stupefied. He said, “I cannot read!”

The angel squeezed him, and then released him. “Read” the angel said.

“I cannot read” Muhammad said, a little louder this time.

The angel squeezed him again, harder than before, and commanded, “Read.”

“I cannot read?” Muhammad said, even louder.

The angel persisted, and the prophet repeatedly resisted, until the angel finally overwhelmed Muhammad and commanded him:

Read with the name of your Lord Who created,
Created man from a clot.
Read, and your Lord only is the Most Beneficent,
The One Who taught to write with the pen.
The One Who taught man all what he did not know. (Qur’an 96:1-5)

The prophet recited the verses after the angel, until he knew it perfectly, word for word.

Then the frightened prophet felt he was alone. The angel and the writing had gone. But the words stayed in his memory, and there was a strange sensation of having been squeezed very hard. Trembling, he stood up, left the cave, and began to walk, shakily, down the mountain path. He was very confused. Then a voice, the same voice, called to him: “Oh Muhammad! Truly you are the messenger of God. And I am his angel, Jibrāʾīl.

Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) looked up, and saw the angel, who looked like a human, but so enormous that his two feet straddled the horizon. For a moment, the prophet was awe-struck. Then he tried to escape, but no matter which way he turned, the angel was there, filling the sky. The prophet could go neither forwards nor back until Jibrāʾīl had disappeared from the sky as suddenly as he had appeared. As it dawned the prophet made his way back to his home in Mecca.

Muslims also have a high esteem for Jibrāʾīl for a number of historical events predating his first appearance to prophet Mohamed (s.a.w.).

Muslims believe that Jibrāʾīl was the angel who informed two parents – Zakariya (Zachariah) and Maryam (Mary) of the birth of John the Baptist and Jesus. Also, Jibrāʾīl was one of three angels who had earlier informed Ibrāhīm (Abraham) of the birth of Isḥāq (Isaac). These events of Zakariya and Maryam can be found in Chapter 19 – surah Maryam in the Holy Qur’an.

HOLY QURAN – THE TREASURE OF FAITH
Chapter 19 – Surah Maryam (Mary)

(Revealed at Mecca – This Chapter has 98 verses in 6 sections)


Allah – beginning with the name of – the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Section 1

1. كهيعص
(Kaf-Ha-Ya-A’in-Sad.) 
[These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur'an, and none but Allah and to whomever He reveals know their precise meanings.]

2. This is the remembrance of the mercy of your Lord upon His bondman Zakaria.

3. When he softly prayed to his Lord.

4. He submitted, “O my Lord – my bones have become weak and old age shines forth from my head, and O my Lord, I have never been disappointed in my prayer to you.”

5. “And I fear my relatives after me and my wife is barren therefore bestow upon me from Yourself one who will take up my work.”

6. “He being my successor and the heir of the Descendants of Yaqub (Jacob); and my Lord, make him a cherished * one.” (* Make him a Prophet among the Descendants of Israel.)

7. “O Zakaria! We give you the glad tidings of a son whose name is Yahya (John)  before him, We have not created anyone of this name.”

8. He submitted, “My Lord – how can I have a son since my wife is barren and I have reached infirmity due to old age?”

9. He (the angel) said, “So it is; your Lord says, ‘This is easy for Me – in fact I created you before this, at a time when you did not exist.’ “

10. He said, “My Lord, give me a sign”; He said, “Your token is that you will not speak to people for three nights, although in proper health.”

11. He therefore emerged upon his people from the mosque, and told them through gestures, “Keep proclaiming the Purity (of your Lord) morning and evening.”

12. “O Yahya – hold the Book firmly”; and We gave him Prophethood in his infancy. (Prophet Yahya was only 2 years old at that time.)

13. And compassion from Ourselves, and chastity; and he was extremely pious.

14. And was good to his parents and not forceful, nor disobedient.

15. And peace is upon him the day he was born, and the day he will taste death, and the day he will be raised alive.

Section 2

16. And remember Maryam in the Book; when she went away from her family to a place towards east.

17. So there she screened herself from them; We therefore sent Our Spirit towards her – he appeared before her in the form of a healthy man. (Angel Jibreel – peace be upon him.)

18. She said, “I seek the refuge of the Most Gracious from you – if you fear God.”

19. He said, “I am indeed one sent by your Lord; so that I may give you a chaste son.”

20. She said, “How can I bear a son? No man has ever touched me, nor am I of poor conduct!”

21. He said, “So it is; your Lord has said, ‘This is easy for Me’; and in order that We make him a sign for mankind and a Mercy from Us; and this matter has been decreed.”

22. So she conceived him, and she went away with him to a far place.

23. Then the pangs of childbirth brought her to the base of the palm-tree; she said, “Oh, if only had I died before this and had become forgotten, unremembered.”

24. (The angel) Therefore called her from below her, “Do not grieve – your Lord has made a river flow below you.”

25. “And shake the trunk of the palm-tree towards you – ripe fresh dates will fall upon you.” (This was a miracle – the date palm was dry and it was winter season.)

26. “Therefore eat and drink and appease your eyes; so if you meet any person then say, ‘I have pledged a fast (of silence) to the Most Gracious – I will therefore not speak to any person today.’ “

27. So carrying him in her arms, she brought him to her people; they said, “O Maryam, you have indeed committed a great evil!”

28. “O sister of Haroon, neither was your father an evil man nor was your mother of poor conduct!”

29. Thereupon she pointed towards the child; they said, “How can we speak to an infant who is in the cradle?”

30. The child proclaimed, “I am Allah’s bondman; He has given me the Book and made me a Herald of the Hidden (a Prophet).”

31. “And He has made me blessed wherever I be; and ordained upon me prayer and charity, as long as I live.”

32. “And has made me good to my mother and not made me forceful, ill-fated.”

33. “And peace is upon me the day I was born, and on the day I shall taste death, and on the day I will be raised alive.”

34. This is Eisa (Jesus), the son of Maryam; a true statement, in which they doubt.

35. It does not befit Allah to appoint someone as His son – Purity is to Him! When He ordains a matter, He just commands it, “Be” – and it thereupon happens.

36. And said Eisa, “Indeed Allah is my Lord and your Lord – therefore worship Him; this is the Straight Path.”

37. Then groups among them differed; so ruin is for the disbelievers from the witnessing of a Great Day.

38. Much will they listen and much will they see, on the Day when they come to Us, but today the unjust are in open error.

39. And warn them of the Day of Regret when the matter will have been decided; and they are in neglect, and they do not accept faith.

40. Indeed We shall inherit the earth and all that is on it, and only towards Us will they return.

Section 3

41. And remember Ibrahim in the Book; he was very truthful, a Herald of the Hidden (a Prophet).

42. When he said to his father, * “O my father – why do you worship one which neither hears nor sees, and cannot benefit you in any way?” (* His uncle Azar.)

43. “O my father, indeed a knowledge has come to me which did not come to you – therefore follow me, I will show you the Straight Path.”

44. “O my father, do not be a bondman of the devil; indeed the devil is disobedient towards the Most Gracious.”

45. “O my father, I fear that a punishment from the Most Gracious may reach you, so you would become a companion of the devil.”

46. He said, “What! You turn away from my Gods, O Ibrahim? If you do not desist, I will certainly stone you, and keep no relation with me for a long while.”

47. So when he had separated from them and what they worshipped other than Allah, We bestowed him Ishaq and Yaqub; and We made each of them a
Herald of the Hidden.

50. And We gave them Our mercy, and assigned for them a true and high repute.

Section 4

51. And remember Moosa in the Book; he was indeed a chosen one, and he was a Noble Messenger, a Herald of the Hidden.

52. We called him from the right side of the mountain Tur, and brought him close to reveal Our secret.

53. And with Our mercy We bestowed upon him his brother Haroon, a Prophet.

54. And remember Ismail in the Book; he was indeed true to his promise and was a Noble Messenger, a Prophet.

55. He used to command his people to offer prayer and give charity, and was liked by his Lord.

56. And remember Idrees in the Book; he was indeed very truthful, a Prophet.

57. And We lifted him to a high position. (Living with soul & body in heaven, after his death.)

58. It is these upon whom Allah has bestowed favour among the Prophets, from the descendants of Adam; and from those whom We boarded along with Nooh; and from the descendants of Ibrahim and Israel; and from those whom We guided and chose; when the verses of the Most Gracious were recited to them, they fell down, prostrating and weeping. (* Command of Prostration # 5.)

59. And after them came the unworthy successors who squandered prayer and pursued their own desires, so they will soon encounter the forest of Gai in hell.

60. Except those who repented and accepted faith and did good deeds – so these will enter heaven, and they will not be deprived * in the least. (* of their due reward.)

61. Everlasting Gardens of Eden, which the Most Gracious has proomised to His bondmen in the unseen; indeed His promise will come.

62. They will not hear any lewd talk in it, but only Peace; and in it for them is sustenance, every morning and evening.

63. It is the Paradise that We will bequeath to those among Our bondmen who remain pious.

64. (Said Angel Jibreel to Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon them) “And we angels do not come down except by the command of your Lord; to Him only belongs all that is ahead of us and all that is behind us and all that is between them; and your Lord is not forgetful.”

65. Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them – therefore worship Him and be firm in His worship; do you know any other of the same name as His?

Section 5

66. And says man, “When I am dead, will I soon be brought forth alive?”

67. Does not man remember that We created him before this, and he was non existent?

68. So by your Lord, We shall assemble them and the devils – all of them – and bring them around hell, fallen on their knees.

69. We shall then pick out from every group the one who was most arrogant towards the Most Gracious.

70. Moreover, We well know those who most deserve to be burned in hell.

71. And there is none among you who shall not pass over hell; this is an obligatory affair, binding upon your Lord. (Allah will make everyone pass over the back of hell – on a thin bridge.)

72. We shall then rescue the pious – and leave the unjust in it, fallen on their knees.

73. And when Our clear verses are recited to them, the disbelievers say to the Muslims, “Which group has a better home, and a better alliance?”

74. And many a generation We did destroy before them, who exceeded them in wealth and pomp!

75. Proclaim, “For one in error – so the Most Gracious may give him respite; to the extent that when they see the thing which they are promised – either the punishment or the Last Day; so then they will come to know for whom is the evil rank and whose army is weak.”

76. And Allah will increase the guidance for those who have received guidance; and good deeds that remain have the best reward before your Lord, and the best outcome.

77. So have you seen him who denied Our signs and says, “I shall certainly be given wealth and children?”

78. Has he seen the Hidden, or has he made a pact with the Most Gracious?

79. Never; We shall now record what he says and give him a prolonged punishment.

80. And it is We only Who shall inherit what he says (belongs to him), and he will come to Us, alone.

81. And they have chosen Gods besides Allah, so that they may provide them strength!

82. Never; soon they will deny ever worshipping them, and will turn into their pponents.

Section 6

83. Did you not see that We sent devils upon the disbelievers, so they excite them abundantly?

84. So do not be impatient for them (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him); We are only completing their number. * (* The number of days left for them or their evil deeds.)

85. On the day when We shall assemble the righteous towards the Most Gracious, as guests.

86. And drive the guilty towards hell, thirsty.

87. People do not own the right to intercede, except those * who have made a covenant with the Most Gracious. (* The Holy Prophets and virtuous people will be given the permission to intercede. Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him – will be the first to intercede.)

88. And the disbelievers said, “The Most Gracious has chosen an offspring.”

89. You have indeed brought an extremely grave speech!

90. The heavens are close to being torn apart by it, and the earth being split asunder, and the mountains succumbing and falling down.

91. Due to their ascribing of an offspring to the Most Gracious.

92. And it does not befit the Most Gracious to choose an offspring!

93. All those who are in the heavens and the earth will come to the Most Gracious as His bondmen.

94. He knows their number and has counted each one of them.

95. And each one of them will come before Him on the Day of Resurrection, alone.

96. Indeed those who believed and did good deeds – the Most Gracious will appoint love for them. (In the hearts of other believers.)

97. We have therefore made this Qur’an easy upon your tongue, (O dear Prophet Mohammed – peace and blessings be upon him) for you to announce glad tidings with it to those who fear, and warn those who are quarrelsome.

98. And many a generation We did destroy before them; do you see any one of them or hear their faintest sound?

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6 thoughts on “The Archangel Gabriel

  1. Pingback: new myth, old god (and the origin of heaven and hell on earth) « JRFibonacci's blog: partnering with reality

  2. Pingback: 100-Word Challenge, Day 349 | My Writer's Cramp

  3. We can help each other to grow by providing each other with different insights. As such this gives also others the possibility to think about it and form their own ideas.
    Though it are perhaps just small seeds let them become little lights for growing trees.

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  4. Muhammad as other prophets reacted like many of us when they hear a voice from somewhere, but do not see anybody.
    Though very devoted and spending time at the cave in Mount Hira, fasting, praying, thinking, and trying to find answers to the meaning of life. He forgot that Allah always give answers to those who honestly call onto Him. But God never shows Himself because when we would see God we would die. (Exodus 33:20)

    Exodus 33:20 Jehovah, the Elohim God/Allah continued, “But you may not see my face. No one can see me and live.”

    Jehovah God is the only one who can give us full insight. As worshipers of God we should know as the prophet that there is no one besides Allah that could bring us the night in which we take rest, but also find comfort and insight.
    Koran 28:71 Say: See ye? If Allah were to make the night perpetual over you to the Day of Judgment, what god is there other than Allah, who can give you enlightenment? Will ye not then hearken?

    As it took some time for the great prophet to understand what God was willing to bring over to him, we cannot take such time any more. god has provided enough prophets for us to see and come to understanding.

    Sometimes God tests people to see if they want to go according to the Will of God and really do want to follow Gods Commandments.

    Exodus 16:4 Jehovah said to Moses, “I’m going to rain bread down from the skies for you. The people will go out and gather each day’s ration. I’m going to test them to see if they’ll live according to my Teaching or not.

    The same as when the Archangel Jibrāʾīl appeared before Muhammad and asked him to read we also answer ‘I can’t” when we got a reply in our dreams. How are we then going to come out of darkness, if we dare not to do what is told us to do, but keep thinking we can not. It is a matter of trusting God.

    Too many are afraid of Allah to listen to His guidance. He has provided the world with so many prophets to tell the world what to do, how to behave and to what to look forward.

    While not violating his own Law, Allah took action to save mankind with sending the prophet in the line of David (Dãwud). God had sent the angel Gabriel (Jibr~il) to a virgin, who did listen to the news that could bring her death by stoning, because she became with child not being married. But she accepted her sending and brought forth Jesus Christ, Jeshua (‘Isã) (Ãl’Imrãn 3:45; Al-Anbiyã’ 21:91)

    This Jesus was the only man who could stay without sin and therefore he could be the best sign for mankind and mercy came from him when this man wanted to give his body for a ransom for all. (Maryam 19:19,21) He could become the Lamb who took away the sins of the world.

    “The next day John saw Jesus coming towards him and said, “Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!” (John 1:29 NIV)

    “God made him who had no sin to be sin {Or be a sin offering} for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.” (2 Corinthians 5:21 NIV)

    When Jesus lived many could hear him talk and hear him explain the Word of God, but wanting to understand his talking was an other matter. Only a few years after his death an other prophet had to set things right again, because so much had gone wrong again.

    Many of us do want to come up with the same foible answer as the prophet Muhammad. Many of us also do want to say they can not read the Word of God or not understand it.
    First off all we do have to want to read it and secondly we do have to put our mind open and be willing to read it and willing to set our mind open to the God of heaven and earth, Allah, who has a divine name which is found more than 7 000 times in the Holy Scriptures.

    Do you still want to say I can not hear God? Do you not want to see the many prophets God had sent us?

    If you are really loving Allah, you can not ignore His prophets and should listen to them. God has given them a voice to explain Scriptures to us. Even when they originally could not write or read and dictated that what God brought unto them, we can not ignore their voices.

    Many hear, but do not take the words in their heart. they hear but do not listen. In such case they shall never be able to see.

    When are people going to listen? When are people to read the words of the prophets who God gave the world to listen to and to give an aid to come closer to God?

    By whom do you need to be squeezed? How many times do you need to squeezed before you will not persist any more that you “cannot do this or that, or are not able to understand” like the prophet Muhammad repeatedly resisted?

    Therefore we also should read with the name of our Most High Lord of lords who created, man out of dust to which he shall return.

    1 Iqraa, or Read! or Proclaim! or Alaq, or The Clot of Congealed Blood. In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. Proclaim! or Read! in the name of thy Lord and Cherisher, Who created —
    2 Created man, out of a mere clot of congealed blood:
    3 Proclaim! And thy Lord is Most Bountiful, —
    4 He Who taught the use of the Pen, —
    5 Taught man that which he knew not.
    (Qur’an 96:1-5)

    Also the great prophet Muhammad advised his people to turn back to God’s ancient books in order to obtain the answers. (see Yunus 10:94; Al-Nahl 16:43; Al-Anbiyã 21:7) These tell us that Asaph the son of Berechiah was the one who by inspiration wrote Psalm 83. (1 Chronicles 15:17; Psalm 83, superscription) Verse 18 of this Psalm says ““That they may know that {1} thou alone, whose name is Jehovah, Art the Most High over all the earth. {1) Or [thou, whose name alone is Jehovah, art etc]}” (Psalms 83:18 ASV)

    We thereby see that the greatest name of Allah is “Jehovah”.

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  5. Pingback: … for nothing will be impossible for God. « Inspirations

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